Difference between Point-to-Point and Multi-point Communication

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As we know that communication is the process of transferring information from source to destination by using any of the available mode such as audio, video, text or even signals, etc. Now this communication may be straight forward between one sender and one receiver or may be include multiple senders and receivers. On the basis of number of sender and receiver in a communication we can distinguish between Point-to-Point and Multi-Point communication. Following are the important differences between Point-to-Point and Multi-point Communication.

Sr. No.KeyPoint-to-Point CommunicationMulti-point Communication
1DefinitionPoint-to-point communication is the communication in which the channel of communication is shared only between two devices or nodes.On other hand Multi-point communication is the communication is which the channel of communication is shared not only between two devices or nodes but it is shared between multiple devices or nodes which are taking part in it.
2Load sharingAs mentioned above in case of Point-to-point communication the channel is only between two nodes so the load and capacity of the channel is divided or available only to two nodes.On other hand in case of Multi-point communication the channel capacity is divided between multiple participant nodes.
3Parties involvedIn case of Point-to-point communication only two parties get involved one as Sender and other as Receiver.While on other hand in case of Multi-point communication there could be multiple parties however role of parties could either be sender or receiver and some parties may behave as like both.
4ReliabilityAs Point-to-point communication involves only two parties and chances for information modulation is very less hence this type of communication is more reliable as compared to Multi-point communication.On other hand due to multiple parties involvement the chances for information modulation is more and hence Multi-point communication is comparatively less reliable as compared to Point-to-point communication.
5Error PronePoint-to-point communication is more error prone as compared to Multi-point communication.On other hand Multi-point communication is less error prone as compared to Point-to-point communication.
6Security and PrivacyDue to less number of parties involvement the Point-to-point communication is more secure and private as compared to Multi-point communication.On other hand due to more number of parties involvement the Multi-point communication is less secure and private as compared to Point-to-point communication.
raja
Published on 09-Jun-2020 08:17:58
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