Difference Between Keto Diet and Diabetes Diet

Keto diet and diabetes diet are two popular diets that have gained a lot of popularity in recent years, especially for their health benefits. Both diets have a similar goal: to manage blood sugar levels, but the way they achieve this goal is very different.

What is Keto Diet?

The principle behind the ketogenic diet is that by consuming fewer proteins and carbs and more fats, the body will begin the metabolic process of ketogenesis. When blood sugar levels are very low, a process called ketogenesis starts in which fat is broken down and ketone bodies are produced.

The diet − For this diet to be successful, people will need to reduce their intake of both proteins and carbs. Those on the ketogenic diet seldom exceed 50 grammes of carbs per day. Due of their high carbohydrate content, grains and sweets are off limits. In addition, several starchy items, including potatoes, are typically eliminated from the diet. On the other hand, fat intake is increased relative to carbohydrate and protein intake.

Health benefits − The ketogenic diet has been shown to be very helpful for some children with epilepsy, and it has also been found to be effective for some people with type 2 diabetes who are having trouble keeping their blood sugar under control.

Risks − Although the ketogenic diet is effective in reducing high blood sugar, it also carries the risk of causing dangerously low blood sugar levels. Water loss can contribute to headaches, fatigue, and dehydration. A lack of minerals and vitamins and an excess of saturated fats can pose dangers; the latter is suspected of contributing to an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease.

What is Diabetes Diet?

By sticking to a schedule of nutritious, well-balanced meals at certain intervals, blood sugar levels can be better managed.

The diet − Whole grains, rather than simple sugars, are recommended for the diabetic diet, which emphasises healthy eating overall. Moreover, a diet rich in vegetables and fruits is recommended. Even if you haven't been diagnosed with diabetes, you may still benefit from this eating plan. In addition to avoiding junk food, which often contains excessive amounts of fat and simple carbohydrates that destabilise blood sugar levels, the diet should include fish and high fibre foods.

Health benefits − A healthy, well-rounded diet, with plenty of fruits and vegetables, has been shown to have several positive effects. Healthy fibre, which aids digestion, is included in the package of vitamins and minerals. Those with type 2 diabetes can typically benefit from weight loss if they follow a diet low in both saturated fat and calories. A decrease in LDL "bad" cholesterol has also been observed in those who follow the diabetic diet.

Risks − If you talk to your doctor and a dietitian before starting a diabetic diet, the risks will be minor. There is no need to worry about a deficiency of vitamins or minerals on this diet because it is well-rounded.

Differences: Keto Diet and Diabetes Diet

The following table highlights the major differences between Keto Diet and Diabetes Diet −


Keto Diet

Diabetes Diet


The keto diet is a diet in which fewer proteins and carbohydrates are eaten such that a state of ketogenesis is initiated.

The diabetic diet is a diet which is balanced without a drastic change in the amount of carbohydrates that are eaten.

Metabolic changes

Ketogenesis is activated by the keto diet.

Ketogenesis is not affected or triggered by the diabetes diet.


The keto diet includes a lot of fat but very little amounts of carbohydrates and proteins.

The diabetes diet is a balanced diet of nutrient-rich foods including whole-grain carbohydrates.

Health benefits

There are some benefits to the keto diet, and it has been shown to help people who have type 2 diabetes and it helps children with seizures. It can also lead to weight loss.

The benefits of the diabetes diet are that it can help control blood sugar levels for people with diabetes and can help lower cholesterol levels.


There are risks associated with following the keto diet; it can result in hypoglycemia and may increase the chances of heart disease and cause mineral and vitamin deficiencies.

There are no or very few risks associated with the diabetes diet since it is a balanced diet.


Both the keto diet and diabetes diet are effective for managing blood sugar levels and reducing the risk of chronic conditions. However, it is important to consult a healthcare provider before starting either diet, as they may have different implications for different individuals.

Updated on: 14-Apr-2023


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