Difference between Java and C language

Both Java and C are the most popular programming languages in the programming world. Due to their various important characteristics and features both of these languages are widely used globally.

On the basis of their features following are the important differences between Java and C

Sr. No.KeyJavaC
1IntroducedJava was developed after C as compared to the introducing year. It was developed by James Gosling in 1995.On the other hand C was introduced before Java and was developed by Dennis M. Ritchie between 1969 and 1973.
2TypeJava is a high-level language and is more data-oriented also known globally as Object-Oriented language.On the other hand C is a middle-level language and is more procedure-oriented also known globally as Procedural Programming Language.
3CompilationUp to some extent it could be stated as there is no compilation in Java as it is an Interpreted language that is in Java, the code is first transformed into bytecode and that bytecode is then executed by the JVM (Java Virtual Machine).On the other hand C is a compiled language that is it converts the code into machine language so that it could be understood by the machine or system.
4Functional UnitsAs already mentioned Java is an Object-Oriented language and hence has Objects as the functional units.On the other hand C is a Procedural Programming Language and hence has functioned as the functional units.
5Inheritance and ThreadingAlong with the other features of OOPs Java also contains the property of Inheritance which is very useful in code reuse ability.Also, Java supports the concept of Threading.On the other hand, C does not supports Inheritance which is very useful for code reusability. Thus C is not preferred when one has to relate the things according to the real world as per inheritance relation.Also, C does not support Threading.
5Platform dependencyJava is platform-independent.On the other hand, C is platform dependent.
Published on 13-Jan-2020 06:02:37