Dart Programming - Environment


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This chapter discusses setting up the execution environment for Dart on the Windows platform.

Executing Script Online with DartPad

You may test your scripts online by using the online editor at https://dartpad.dartlang.org/. The Dart Editor executes the script and displays both HTML as well as console output. The online editor is shipped with a set of preset code samples.

A screenshot of the Dartpad editor is given below −

Dartpad

Dartpad also enables to code in a more restrictive fashion. This can be achieved by checking the Strong mode option on the bottom right of the editor. Strong mode helps with −

  • Stronger static and dynamic checking
  • Idiomatic JavaScript code generation for better interoperability.

You may try the following example using Dartpad

Live Demo
void main() { 
   print('hello world'); 
}

The code will display the following output

hello world

Setting Up the Local Environment

In this section, let us see how to set up the local environment.

Using the Text Editor

Examples of a few editors include Windows Notepad, Notepad++, Emacs, vim or vi, etc. Editors may vary from one Operating System to another. The source files are typically named with the extension ".dart".

Installing the Dart SDK

The current stable version of Dart is 1.21.0. The dart sdk can be downloaded from −

A screenshot of the Dart SDK installation is given below −

Dart Installation

On completion of the SDK installation, set the PATH environment variable to −

<dart-sdk-path>\bin 

Verifying the Installation

To verify if Dart has been successfully installed, open the command prompt and enter the following command −

Dart 

If installation is successful, it will show the dart runtime.

IDE Support

A plethora of IDEs support scripting in Dart. Examples include Eclipse, IntelliJ, and WebStorm from Jet brains.

Given below are the steps for configuring the Dart environment using WebStrom IDE.

Installing WebStorm

The installation file for WebStorm can be downloaded from https://www.jetbrains.com/webstorm/download/#section=windows-version.

The WebStorm installation file is available for Mac OS, Windows and Linux.

After downloading the installation files, follow the steps given below −

  • Install the Dart SDK: Refer to the steps listed above

  • Create a new Dart project and configure Dart support

  • To create a new Dart project,

    • Click Create New Project from the Welcome Screen

    • In the next dialog box, click Dart

  • If there is no value specified for the Dart SDK path, then provide the SDK path. For example, the SDK path may be <dart installation directory>/dart/dartsdk.

Add a Dart File to the Project

To add a Dart file to the Project −

  • Right-click on the Project
  • New → Dart File
  • Enter the name of the Dart Script

A screenshot of the WebStorm Editor is given below −

Dart File

The dart2js Tool

The dart2js tool compiles Dart code to JavaScript. Compiling Dart code to JS enables running the Dart script on browsers that do not support the Dart VM.

The dart2js tool is shipped as a part of the Dart SDK and can be found in the /dartsdk/bin folder.

To compile Dart to JavaScript, type the following command in the terminal

dart2js - - out = <output_file>.js  <dart_script>.dart

This command produces a file that contains the JavaScript equivalent of your Dart code. A complete tutorial on using this utility can be found on the official Dart website.



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