Dart Programming - Enumeration


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An enumeration is used for defining named constant values. An enumerated type is declared using the enum keyword.

Syntax

enum enum_name {  
   enumeration list 
}

Where,

  • The enum_name specifies the enumeration type name
  • The enumeration list is a comma-separated list of identifiers

Each of the symbols in the enumeration list stands for an integer value, one greater than the symbol that precedes it. By default, the value of the first enumeration symbol is 0.

For example

enum Status { 
   none, 
   running, 
   stopped, 
   paused 
}

Example

Live Demo
enum Status { 
   none, 
   running, 
   stopped, 
   paused 
}  
void main() { 
   print(Status.values); 
   Status.values.forEach((v) => print('value: $v, index: ${v.index}'));
   print('running: ${Status.running}, ${Status.running.index}'); 
   print('running index: ${Status.values[1]}'); 
}

It will produce the following output

[Status.none, Status.running, Status.stopped, Status.paused] 
value: Status.none, index: 0 
value: Status.running, index: 1 
value: Status.stopped, index: 2 
value: Status.paused, index: 3 
running: Status.running, 1 
running index: Status.running 


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