C++ Program to Perform Stooge Sort

Stooge Sort is used to sort the given data. It is a recursive sorting algorithm. Stooge Sort divides the array into two overlapping parts, 2/3 each and Sort the array in three steps by sorting I then II and again I part. The worst case time complexity of this algorithm is O(n^2.7095).


   Take input of data.
   Call StoogeSort() function with ‘a’ the array of data and ‘n’ the number of values, in the argument list.
   Implement Sorting using recursive approach.
   Divide the array into first 2/3 element as part I and last 2/3 as part II.
   Then send the first, second and again first part into StoogeSort().
   If the length is not further breakable then swap element at the start and end if a[end] < a[start].
   Return to main and display the result.

Example Code

using namespace std;
void StoogeSort(int a[],int start, int end) {
   int temp;
   if(end-start+1 > 2) {
      temp = (end-start+1)/3;
      StoogeSort(a, start, end-temp);
      StoogeSort(a, start+temp, end);
      StoogeSort(a, start, end-temp);
   if(a[end] < a[start]) {
      temp = a[start];
      a[start] = a[end];
      a[end] = temp;
int main() {
   int m, i;
   cout<<"\nEnter the number of data element to be sorted: ";
   int arr[m];
   for(i = 0; i < m; i++) {
      cout<<"Enter element "<<i+1<<": ";
   StoogeSort(arr, 0, m-1);
   cout<<"\nSorted Data ";
   for (i = 0; i < m; i++)
   return 0;


Enter the number of data element to be sorted: 4
Enter element 1: 6
Enter element 2: 7
Enter element 3: 3
Enter element 4: 2
Sorted Data ->2->3->6->7

Updated on: 30-Jul-2019


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