C++ Program to Implement Treap

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

This is a C++ program to implement Treap. Treap data structure is basically a randomized binary search tree. Here, we shall consider insert, delete and search operations on this.

Functions and descriptions


function rotLeft() for left rotationFirst rotate the tree then set new root.
function rotRight() for right rotationFirst rotate the tree then set new root.


function insetNod() to insert a given key into treap with priority recursively −

If root = nullptr
   return data as root.
If given data is less then root node,
   Insert data in left subtree.
   Rotate left if heap property violated.
else
   Insert data in right subtree.
   Rotate right if heap property violated.

function searchNod() for searching key in treap recursively −

If key is not present return false.
If key is present return true.
If key is less than root, search in left subtree.
Else
   search in right subtree.

function deleteNod() to delete key from treap recursively −

If key is not present return false
If key is present return true.
If key is less than root, go to left subtree.
Else
   Go to right subtree.
If key is found:
   node to be deleted which is a leaf node
      deallocate the memory and update root to null.
      delete root.
   node to be deleted which has two children
      if left child has less priority than right child
         call rotLeft() on root
         recursively delete the left child
      else
         call rotRight() on root
         recursively delete the right child
   node to be deleted has only one child
         find child node
      deallocate the memory
   Print the result.
End

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
using namespace std;
struct TreapNod  { //node declaration
   int data;
   int priority;
   TreapNod* l, *r;
   TreapNod(int d) { //constructor
      this->data = d;
      this->priority = rand() % 100;
      this->l= this->r = nullptr;
   }
};
void rotLeft(TreapNod* &root) { //left rotation
   TreapNod* R = root->r;
   TreapNod* X = root->r->l;
   R->l = root;
   root->r= X;
   root = R;
}
void rotRight(TreapNod* &root) { //right rotation
   TreapNod* L = root->l;
   TreapNod* Y = root->l->r;
   L->r = root;
   root->l= Y;
   root = L;
}
void insertNod(TreapNod* &root, int d) { //insertion
   if (root == nullptr) {
      root = new TreapNod(d);
      return;
   }
   if (d < root->data) {
      insertNod(root->l, d);
      if (root->l != nullptr && root->l->priority > root->priority)
      rotRight(root);
   } else {
      insertNod(root->r, d);
      if (root->r!= nullptr && root->r->priority > root->priority)
      rotLeft(root);
   }
}
bool searchNod(TreapNod* root, int key) {
   if (root == nullptr)
      return false;
   if (root->data == key)
      return true;
   if (key < root->data)
      return searchNod(root->l, key);
      return searchNod(root->r, key);
}
void deleteNod(TreapNod* &root, int key) {
   //node to be deleted which is a leaf node
   if (root == nullptr)
      return;
   if (key < root->data)
      deleteNod(root->l, key);
   else if (key > root->data)
      deleteNod(root->r, key);
      //node to be deleted which has two children
   else {
      if (root->l ==nullptr && root->r == nullptr) {
         delete root;
         root = nullptr;
      }
      else if (root->l && root->r) {
         if (root->l->priority < root->r->priority) {
            rotLeft(root);
            deleteNod(root->l, key);
         } else {
            rotRight(root);
            deleteNod(root->r, key);
         }
      }
      //node to be deleted has only one child
      else {
         TreapNod* child = (root->l)? root->l: root->r;
         TreapNod* curr = root;
         root = child;
         delete curr;
      }
   }
}
void displayTreap(TreapNod *root, int space = 0, int height =10) { //display treap
   if (root == nullptr)
      return;
   space += height;
   displayTreap(root->l, space);
   cout << endl;
   for (int i = height; i < space; i++)
      cout << ' ';
      cout << root->data << "(" << root->priority << ")\n";
      cout << endl;
   displayTreap(root->r, space);
}
int main() {
   int nums[] = {1,7,6,4,3,2,8,9,10 };
   int a = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(int);
   TreapNod* root = nullptr;
   srand(time(nullptr));
   for (int n: nums)
      insertNod(root, n);
   cout << "Constructed Treap:\n\n";
   displayTreap(root);
   cout << "\nDeleting node 8:\n\n";
   deleteNod(root, 8);
   displayTreap(root);
   cout << "\nDeleting node 3:\n\n";
   deleteNod(root, 3);
   displayTreap(root);
   return 0;
}

Output

Constructed Treap:

1(12)

2(27)

3(97)

4(46)

6(75)

7(88)

8(20)

9(41)

10(25)

Deleting node 8:

1(12)

2(27)

3(97)

4(46)

6(75)

7(88)

9(41)

10(25)

Deleting node 3:

1(12)

2(27)

4(46)

6(75)

7(88)

9(41)

10(25)
raja
Published on 03-May-2019 12:08:03
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