C++ Program to Implement Selection Sort

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In the selection sort technique, the list is divided into two parts. In one part all elements are sorted and in another part the items are unsorted. At first we take the maximum or minimum data from the array. After getting the data (say minimum) we place it at the beginning of the list by replacing the data of first place with the minimum data. After performing the array is getting smaller. Thus this sorting technique is done.

The complexity of Selection Sort Technique

  • Time Complexity: O(n2)

  • Space Complexity: O(1)

Input − The unsorted list: 5 9 7 23 78 20
Output − Array after Sorting: 5 7 9 20 23 78

Algorithm

selectionSort(array, size)

Input: An array of data, and the total number in the array

Output: The sorted Array

Begin
   for i := 0 to size-2 do //find minimum from ith location to size
      iMin := i;
      for j:= i+1 to size – 1 do
         if array[j] < array[iMin] then
            iMin := j
      done
      swap array[i] with array[iMin].
   done
End

Example Code

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
void swapping(int &a, int &b) {         //swap the content of a and b
   int temp;
   temp = a;
   a = b;
   b = temp;
}
void display(int *array, int size) {
   for(int i = 0; i<size; i++)
      cout << array[i] << " ";
   cout << endl;
}
void selectionSort(int *array, int size) {
   int i, j, imin;
   for(i = 0; i<size-1; i++) {
      imin = i;   //get index of minimum data
      for(j = i+1; j<size; j++)
         if(array[j] < array[imin])
            imin = j;
         //placing in correct position
         swap(array[i], array[imin]);
   }
}
int main() {
   int n;
   cout << "Enter the number of elements: ";
   cin >> n;
   int arr[n];           //create an array with given number of elements
   cout << "Enter elements:" << endl;
   for(int i = 0; i<n; i++) {
      cin >> arr[i];
   }
   cout << "Array before Sorting: ";
   display(arr, n);
   selectionSort(arr, n);
   cout << "Array after Sorting: ";
   display(arr, n);
}

Output

Enter the number of elements: 6
Enter elements:
5 9 7 23 78 20
Array before Sorting: 5 9 7 23 78 20
Array after Sorting: 5 7 9 20 23 78
raja
Published on 14-Mar-2019 18:21:35
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