Class and Static Variables in C#

CsharpProgrammingServer Side Programming

Static variables are used for defining constants because their values can be retrieved by invoking the class without creating an instance of it. Static variables can be initialized outside the member function or class definition. You can also initialize static variables inside the class definition.

Example

 Live Demo

using System;

namespace StaticVarApplication {
   class StaticVar {
      public static int num;

      public void count() {
         num++;
      }
      public int getNum() {
         return num;
      }
   }
   class StaticTester {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
         StaticVar s1 = new StaticVar();
         StaticVar s2 = new StaticVar();

         s1.count();
         s1.count();
         s1.count();

         s2.count();
         s2.count();
         s2.count();

         Console.WriteLine("Variable num for s1: {0}", s1.getNum());
         Console.WriteLine("Variable num for s2: {0}", s2.getNum());
         Console.ReadKey();
      }
   }
}

Output

Variable num for s1: 6
Variable num for s2: 6

Class variables are the attributes of an object (from design perspective) and they are kept private to implement encapsulation. These variables can only be accessed using the public member functions.

Let us see an example −

Example

 Live Demo

using System;

namespace BoxApplication {
   class Box {
      private double length; // Length of a box
      private double breadth; // Breadth of a box
      private double height; // Height of a box

      public void setLength( double len ) {
         length = len;
      }
      public void setBreadth( double bre ) {
         breadth = bre;
      }
      public void setHeight( double hei ) {
         height = hei;
      }
      public double getVolume() {
         return length * breadth * height;
      }
   }
   class Boxtester {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
         Box Box1 = new Box(); // Declare Box1 of type Box
         Box Box2 = new Box();
         double volume;

         // Declare Box2 of type Box
         // box 1 specification
         Box1.setLength(6.0);
         Box1.setBreadth(7.0);
         Box1.setHeight(5.0);

         // box 2 specification
         Box2.setLength(12.0);
         Box2.setBreadth(13.0);
         Box2.setHeight(10.0);

         // volume of box 1
         volume = Box1.getVolume();
         Console.WriteLine("Volume of Box1 : {0}" ,volume);

         // volume of box 2
         volume = Box2.getVolume();
         Console.WriteLine("Volume of Box2 : {0}", volume);
         Console.ReadKey();
      }
   }
}

Output

Volume of Box1 : 210
Volume of Box2 : 1560
raja
Published on 31-Aug-2018 09:35:11
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