Common Abbreviations


Abbreviation Meaning
intro introduction
app. appendix
Biblio. bibliography
c. chapter; circa, about, approximately
n. note
ed. editor
e.g. for example
esp. especially
et al. et alii, and others
etc. et cetera
no. number
fn. footnote
fig. figure
i.e. that is
infra below (in the text)
p page
par. paragraph
s. sect., section