Found 91 Articles for SQL

Strategies For Migrating From SQL to NoSQL Database?

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 10:18:57
Introduction Migrating from a SQL to a NoSQL database is a significant undertaking that requires careful planning and strategizing. It's important to understand the differences between these two types of databases and to identify the specific use cases for which you will be using the NoSQL database. There are several different tools and techniques available for migrating data from a SQL to a NoSQL database, and it's important to carefully evaluate the pros and cons of each option to determine the best fit for your needs. Migrating from a SQL to a NoSQL database can be a significant undertaking and ... Read More

SQL Server Query to Find All Permissions/Access for All Users in a Database

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 10:16:19
Introduction In SQL Server, permissions are used to control access to database objects, such as tables and views. Each user in a database has a set of permissions that determine what they are able to do within the database, such as SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, and EXECUTE. To view the permissions that a user has been granted in a database, you can use the sys.database_permissions view. This view provides information about the permissions that have been granted or denied on database-level securables for a specific database. The sys.objects view contains information about all the objects in a database, and the ... Read More

SQL Query to Demonstrate Updation Anomaly in Referential Integrity in a Table

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 10:13:38
Introduction A referential integrity constraint ensures that a foreign key value in one table matches a primary key value in another table. This helps to maintain the consistency and accuracy of the data in a database by preventing the insertion of incorrect or invalid data. However, if there is an update anomaly, the referential integrity constraint can be violated, which can lead to inconsistencies in the data. An update anomaly occurs when an update to a primary key value in a table causes multiple foreign key values in other tables to become incorrect. To demonstrate an update anomaly in referential ... Read More

SQL Query to Demonstrate Deletion Anomaly in Referential Integrity in a Table

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 10:10:49
Introduction A SQL query is a request for data from a database. In the context of demonstrating a deletion anomaly in a table with referential integrity, a SQL query would be used to delete a record from the parent table and observe the impact on the related records in the child table. To demonstrate a deletion anomaly, we can create two tables with a foreign key constraint, insert some sample data, and then use a `DELETE` statement to delete a record from the parent table. We can then use a `SELECT` statement to retrieve the data from the child table ... Read More

SQL Query to Demonstrate Addition Anomaly in Referential Integrity in a Table

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 27-Jan-2023 10:07:04
Introduction To demonstrate an addition anomaly in a referential integrity in a table, we can create a simple database with two tables: a parent table and a child table. The parent table should have a primary key column, and the child table should have a foreign key column that references the primary key column in the parent table. We can then insert some rows into both tables and run a SELECT statement on the child table that filters the results based on a column from the parent table. If we delete a row from the parent table, the result of ... Read More

SQL Query to Convert Rows to Columns in SQL Server

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 25-Jan-2023 11:26:39
Introduction The PIVOT operator is used to rotate rows of a table into columns. It is useful for generating cross-tabular reports, where the results are presented in a summary form. The PIVOT operator is available in SQL Server 2005 and later versions. The PIVOT operator is used to convert rows into columns in a SQL Server database. It is often used to generate cross-tabular reports, where the results are presented in a summary form. Definition In SQL Server, the PIVOT operator allows you to convert rows into columns. It is useful for generating cross-tabular reports, where the results are ... Read More

Set Database From Single User Mode to Multi User in SQL?

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 25-Jan-2023 11:23:30
Introduction In SQL, a database can be set to single user mode or multi user mode. When a database is in single user mode, only one user can connect to the database at a time. This can be useful for maintenance tasks that need to be performed on the database, as it ensures that no other users are modifying the data while the maintenance is being done. However, once the maintenance is complete, it is usually necessary to set the database back to multi user mode so that multiple users can connect to the database and access the data. This ... Read More

How to Update Two Tables in One Statement in SQL Server?

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 25-Jan-2023 11:18:05
Introduction In SQL Server, you may sometimes need to update data in multiple tables at the same time. This can be done using a single UPDATE statement, which allows you to update multiple tables in a single query. To update two tables in one statement, you can use the UPDATE statement with a JOIN clause. The JOIN clause allows you to specify a relationship between the two tables that you want to update, based on a common column or set of columns. Definition The term "update two tables in one statement" refers to the process of using a single UPDATE ... Read More

How to Rename SQL Server Schema?

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 25-Jan-2023 11:11:18
Introduction To rename a schema in SQL Server, you can use the sp_rename stored procedure to change the name of the schema. Before you can rename a schema, you need to make sure that the schema is not being used by any objects in the database. You can do this by running a query to check for objects that belong to the schema. If the schema is being used by objects in the database, you will need to either drop or transfer ownership of the objects to a different schema before you can rename the schema. Once you have ... Read More

How to Convert Epoch Time to Date in SQL?

Bharti Kumari
Updated on 25-Jan-2023 11:06:02
Introduction The epoch is the date and time relative to which a computer's clock and timestamp values are determined. Epoch time is commonly used in computer systems to represent a point in time. It is typically represented as a single integer value, which represents the number of seconds that have elapsed since the epoch. In SQL, you can convert an epoch time value to a date by using the `to_timestamp` function. This function converts an epoch time value (which is typically stored as a BIGINT or INT data type) to a timestamp with time zone value. The resulting timestamp value ... Read More
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