Apex - if elseif else statement


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An if statement can be followed by an optional else if...else statement, which is very useful to test various conditions using single if...else if statement.

Syntax

The syntax of an if...else if...else statement is as follows −

if boolean_expression_1 {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 1 is true */
} else if boolean_expression_2 {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 2 is true */
} else if boolean_expression_3 {
   /* Executes when the boolean expression 3 is true */
} else {
   /* Executes when the none of the above condition is true */
}

Example

Suppose, our Chemical company has customers of two categories – Premium and Normal. Based on the customer type we should provide them discount and other benefits like after sales service and support. Following program shows an implementation of the same.

//Execute this code in Developer Console and see the Output
String customerName = 'Glenmarkone'; //premium customer
Decimal discountRate = 0;
Boolean premiumSupport = false;
if (customerName == 'Glenmarkone') {
   discountRate = 0.1; //when condition is met this block will be executed
   premiumSupport = true;
   System.debug('Special Discount given as Customer is Premium');
}else if (customerName == 'Joe') {
   discountRate = 0.5; //when condition is met this block will be executed
   premiumSupport = false;
   System.debug('Special Discount not given as Customer is not Premium');
}else {
   discountRate = 0.05; //when condition is not met and customer is normal
   premiumSupport = false;
   System.debug('Special Discount not given as Customer is not Premium');
}
apex_decision_making.htm
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