Apache Storm in Yahoo! Finance


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Yahoo! Finance is the Internet's leading business news and financial data website. It is a part of Yahoo! and gives information about financial news, market statistics, international market data and other information about financial resources that anyone can access.

If you are a registered Yahoo! user, then you can customize Yahoo! Finance to take advantage of its certain offerings. Yahoo! Finance API is used to query financial data from Yahoo!

This API displays data that is delayed by 15-minutes from real time, and updates its database every 1 minute, to access current stock-related information. Now let us take a real-time scenario of a company and see how to raise an alert when its stock value goes below 100.

Spout Creation

The purpose of spout is to get the details of the company and emit the prices to bolts. You can use the following program code to create a spout.

Coding: YahooFinanceSpout.java

import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
import java.math.BigDecimal;

//import yahoofinace packages
import yahoofinance.YahooFinance;
import yahoofinance.Stock;

import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;

import backtype.storm.topology.IRichSpout;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;

import backtype.storm.spout.SpoutOutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.task.TopologyContext;

public class YahooFinanceSpout implements IRichSpout {
   private SpoutOutputCollector collector;
   private boolean completed = false;
   private TopologyContext context;
	
   @Override
   public void open(Map conf, TopologyContext context, SpoutOutputCollector collector){
      this.context = context;
      this.collector = collector;
   }

   @Override
   public void nextTuple() {
      try {
         Stock stock = YahooFinance.get("INTC");
         BigDecimal price = stock.getQuote().getPrice();

         this.collector.emit(new Values("INTC", price.doubleValue()));
         stock = YahooFinance.get("GOOGL");
         price = stock.getQuote().getPrice();

         this.collector.emit(new Values("GOOGL", price.doubleValue()));
         stock = YahooFinance.get("AAPL");
         price = stock.getQuote().getPrice();

         this.collector.emit(new Values("AAPL", price.doubleValue()));
      } catch(Exception e) {}
   }

   @Override
   public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
      declarer.declare(new Fields("company", "price"));
   }

   @Override
   public void close() {}
	
   public boolean isDistributed() {
      return false;
   }

   @Override
   public void activate() {}

   @Override
   public void deactivate() {}

   @Override
   public void ack(Object msgId) {}

   @Override
   public void fail(Object msgId) {}

   @Override
   public Map<String, Object> getComponentConfiguration() {
      return null;
   }
	
}

Bolt Creation

Here the purpose of bolt is to process the given company’s prices when the prices fall below 100. It uses Java Map object to set the cutoff price limit alert as true when the stock prices fall below 100; otherwise false. The complete program code is as follows −

Coding: PriceCutOffBolt.java

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;

import backtype.storm.task.OutputCollector;
import backtype.storm.task.TopologyContext;

import backtype.storm.topology.IRichBolt;
import backtype.storm.topology.OutputFieldsDeclarer;

import backtype.storm.tuple.Tuple;

public class PriceCutOffBolt implements IRichBolt {
   Map<String, Integer> cutOffMap;
   Map<String, Boolean> resultMap;
	
   private OutputCollector collector;

   @Override
   public void prepare(Map conf, TopologyContext context, OutputCollector collector) {
      this.cutOffMap = new HashMap <String, Integer>();
      this.cutOffMap.put("INTC", 100);
      this.cutOffMap.put("AAPL", 100);
      this.cutOffMap.put("GOOGL", 100);

      this.resultMap = new HashMap<String, Boolean>();
      this.collector = collector;
   }

   @Override
   public void execute(Tuple tuple) {
      String company = tuple.getString(0);
      Double price = tuple.getDouble(1);

      if(this.cutOffMap.containsKey(company)){
         Integer cutOffPrice = this.cutOffMap.get(company);

         if(price < cutOffPrice) {
            this.resultMap.put(company, true);
         } else {
            this.resultMap.put(company, false);
         }
      }
		
      collector.ack(tuple);
   }

   @Override
   public void cleanup() {
      for(Map.Entry<String, Boolean> entry:resultMap.entrySet()){
         System.out.println(entry.getKey()+" : " + entry.getValue());
      }
   }

   @Override
   public void declareOutputFields(OutputFieldsDeclarer declarer) {
      declarer.declare(new Fields("cut_off_price"));
   }
	
   @Override
   public Map<String, Object> getComponentConfiguration() {
      return null;
   }
	
}

Submitting a Topology

This is the main application where YahooFinanceSpout.java and PriceCutOffBolt.java are connected together and produce a topology. The following program code shows how you can submit a topology.

Coding: YahooFinanceStorm.java

import backtype.storm.tuple.Fields;
import backtype.storm.tuple.Values;

import backtype.storm.Config;
import backtype.storm.LocalCluster;
import backtype.storm.topology.TopologyBuilder;

public class YahooFinanceStorm {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
      Config config = new Config();
      config.setDebug(true);
		
      TopologyBuilder builder = new TopologyBuilder();
      builder.setSpout("yahoo-finance-spout", new YahooFinanceSpout());

      builder.setBolt("price-cutoff-bolt", new PriceCutOffBolt())
         .fieldsGrouping("yahoo-finance-spout", new Fields("company"));
			
      LocalCluster cluster = new LocalCluster();
      cluster.submitTopology("YahooFinanceStorm", config, builder.createTopology());
      Thread.sleep(10000);
      cluster.shutdown();
   }
}

Building and Running the Application

The complete application has three Java codes. They are as follows −

  • YahooFinanceSpout.java
  • PriceCutOffBolt.java
  • YahooFinanceStorm.java

The application can be built using the following command −

javac -cp “/path/to/storm/apache-storm-0.9.5/lib/*”:”/path/to/yahoofinance/lib/*” *.java

The application can be run using the following command −

javac -cp “/path/to/storm/apache-storm-0.9.5/lib/*”:”/path/to/yahoofinance/lib/*”:.
YahooFinanceStorm

Output

The output will be similar to the following −

GOOGL : false
AAPL : false
INTC : true


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