All India Bar Examination: Meaning & Purpose

In order to control the entry of professionals into the legal area, the Bar Council of India launched the All India Bar Examination in 2011. With approximately 4-5 lakh law students graduating from India's 1700 law colleges every year, it is critical to ensure that only those with the necessary qualifications are permitted to practice law before all levels of courts.

The examination, which is administered (normally) every year, aims to determine whether a candidate for advocacy work is qualified to do it. Its purpose is to evaluate both the applicant's analytical skills and fundamental legal knowledge.

What is the All-India Bar Examination (AIBE)?

The All India Bar Examination, also called the All India Bar Council Exam, is the official name of the AIB Exam. The AIBE is a national-level admission exam to evaluate an advocate's readiness to practice law in India. The administration of All-India Bar Examination is under the control of the Bar Council of India (BCI).

The exam will be given in 11 different languages, and candidates must choose one of those languages based on personal preference. Candidates who successfully complete AIBE will receive a "Certificate of Practice."

The test is conducted in almost all Indian states and territories simultaneously. The candidates, depending on their convenience and choice, are free to choose any center, irrespective of their native place. This used to be an open-book exam, but no more books are allowed to be carried inside the examination hall except a few bare acts. The total score of the applicant will go up by one for each accurate response. For incorrect or unanswered questions, no points are docked. In total, there are 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) that are asked in the All-India Bar Exam (AIBE), which is an examination of 3 hours and 30 minutes, or 210 minutes. The 18 Bare Acts that are allowed in the examination hall are 

  • The Constitution of India

  • The Indian Penal Code

  • The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

  • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

  • The Indian Evidence Act, 1972

  • The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996

  • Family Laws

  • The Advocates Act, 1961

  • Environmental Laws

  • Cyber Laws

  • The Motor Vehicle Act, 1908

  • The Consumer Protection Act, 2019

  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872

  • The Specific Relief Act, 1963

  • The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

  • The Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881

  • The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013

  • Intellectual Property Laws

The major topics that are questioned in the test are - Cyber Law, Constitutional Law, Tax Law, Family Law, Administrative Law, Indian Penal Code, Land Acquisition Act, Labor and Industrial Law, Public Interest Litigation, Evidence Act, Criminal Procedure Code, etc., among many others.

Objectives of AIBE

The Bar Council of India holds the All-India Bar Examination (AIBE) once a year. It is a primary goal for law graduates, especially those who want to start practicing as advocates. As of now, there are 140 test centers located in 53 cities across the country where the exam is conducted.

  • The examination is administered to ascertain a candidate's fundamental level of knowledge, to define the minimal standard for entering legal practice, and to assess the candidate's analytical skills.

  • After passing the All India Bar Examination, the candidate receives a certificate of practice from the Bar Council of India. Any tribunal, court, or administrative organization may host court hearings if the test takers match the requirements.

  • The test is given offline over a period of three and a half hours and features a multiple-choice format.


Candidates with the following qualifications can appear for the All-India Bar Examination −

  • Candidates must have passed their LLB degree (either a 3-year course after graduation or a 5-year course after 12) from a recognized institute of law approved by the Bar Council of India.

  • Must have been registered with their respective State Bar Council.

However, there is no upper age limit to appear in this exam, and there is no set number of attempts to appear in the exam. Candidates must, however, pass this exam within two years of enrolling.

Changes in AIBE

As soon as the exam dates are announced, candidates will be aware of any specific modifications to the exam's specifications. However, the following list outlines the anticipated revisions for AIBE 

  • Candidates who are pursuing "other professions," or subjects other than law, are also allowed to register as advocates and take the AIBE exam at the same time.

  • The exam to be given in 22 dialects of the common tongue;

  • Candidates may not be permitted to bring any reference materials, except Bare Acts without notes, due to the tighter testing criteria of AIBE 2022.

The Legality of the All-India Bar Examination

Although the goals of AIBE are admirable and a standardized exam like this will support efforts to establish consistent standards for legal education, some problems still need to be addressed. Not fewer than three writ petitions have been submitted in this case, and numerous state bar councils have expressed their disapproval of how the test was administered.

History of AIBE

The early 14th and 15th centuries in England saw the emergence of guilds, which eventually gave rise to the legal profession. As a result, throughout the early years of the bar's development, admission was solely determined through peer recognition and recommendation, just like it was for any other professional body that emerged at the time.

However, this was soon abused, and the courts assumed control of the admission of new members to the bar on the grounds that the competence and moral character of practicing lawyers directly affected the standard of the justice delivered. Before allowing him to come before the court, the courts started questioning him to gauge his level of expertise as a new member of the legal profession.


There is a widespread complaint that there is a significant gap between the theoretical information gained in law schools and the real-world skills needed to engage in legal practice. Despite having universal standards in the curriculum, the quality of the work produced by law schools is nevertheless criticized in India's legal education system. The creation of AIBE is a noble step that deserves everyone's support as a first test of the quality of legal education and a move toward standardization of the legal profession.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is the use of the All-India Bar Examination?

Ans: For law graduates who want to begin practicing law, the Bar Council of India administers the All India Bar Examination. After qualifying the examination, candidates will receive a certificate of practice, making them eligible to represent themselves in any Indian court.

Q2. Can I give the bar exam without an LLB degree?

Ans: No, you first need to complete an LLB degree, and then you need to register as an advocate with the relevant state bar council in order to be qualified to apply for the All-India Bar Examination.

Q3. What is benefit of AIBE exam?

Ans: A minimal requirement for entry into the practice of law is planned to be established via the AIBE Examination, which will assess candidates' fundamental skills. The test gauges the candidate's logical prowess and their familiarity with the fundamentals of the law.

Q4. Is the All-India Bar exam mandatory?

Ans: All law graduates who are interested in practicing in court or becoming an advocate is required to pass the AIBE, which has been administered by BCI every year.

Updated on: 16-Jan-2023


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