What happens when MySQL encounters an out-of-range date?

The response of MySQL on encountering out-of-range or invalid date will depend upon SQL MODE. If we have enabled ALLOW_INVALID_DATES mode then MySQL will convert the out of range values into all zeros (i.e. ‘0000:00:00 00:00:00’) and also stores the same in the table without producing any error or warning.

For example, we can change SQL MODE as follows and then insert the out-of-range −

mysql> set sql_mode = 'ALLOW_INVALID_DATES';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> Insert into order1234(productname, quantity, orderdate) values('A', 500, '999-05-100');
Query OK, 1 row affected, 1 warning (0.13 sec)

mysql> Select * from order1234;
| ProductName | Quantity | OrderDate     |
| A           | 500      | 0000-00-00    |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

We can see MySQL converts the out-of-range value in all zeros.

Updated on: 28-Jan-2020


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