To compile and execute C# programs on Linux, firstly you need to IDE. On Linux, one of the best IDEs is Monodevelop.
It is an open source IDE that allows you to run C# on multiple platforms i.e. Windows, Linux and MacOS. Monodevelop is also known as Xamarin Studio. It has a C# compiler to run C# programs.
Monodevelop has the following features −
Multi-platform IDE − Supports Linux, Windows and macOS.
Supports multiple languages − MonoDevelop supports multiple languages such as C#, F#, Visual Basic .NET, etc.
Integrated Debugger − It comes with an integrated debugger for debugging Mono and native applications.
Code Completion − Code completion support for C#, code templates, code folding.