# Wildcard Matching in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an input string s and another input string p. Here is the main string and p is the pattern. We have to define one method, that can match pattern in the string. So we have to implement this for a regular expression, that supports wildcard characters like ‘?’ And ‘*’.

• Dot ‘?’ Matches any single character

• Star ‘*’ Matches zero or more characters.

So for example, if the input is like s = “aa” and p = “a?”, then it will be true, for the same input string, if the patter is “?*”, then it will be true.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• ss := size of s and ps := size of p

• make dp a matrix of size ss x ps, and fill this using false value

• Update p and s by adding one blank space before these

• For i in range 1 to ps −

• if p[i] = star, then

• dp[0, i] := dp[0, i - 1]

• for i in range 1 to ss

• for j in range 1 to ps

• if s[i] is p[j], or p[j] is ‘?’, then

• dp[i, j] := dp[i – 1, j – 1]

• otherwise when p[j] is star, then

• dp[i, j] := max of dp[i – 1, j] and dp[i, j – 1]

• return dp[ss, ps]

## Example (Python)

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Live Demo

class Solution(object):
def isMatch(self, s, p):
sl = len(s)
pl = len(p)
dp = [[False for i in range(pl+1)] for j in range(sl+1)]
s = " "+s
p = " "+p
dp=True
for i in range(1,pl+1):
if p[i] == '*':
dp[i] = dp[i-1]
for i in range(1,sl+1):
for j in range(1,pl+1):
if s[i] == p[j] or p[j] == '?':
dp[i][j] = dp[i-1][j-1]
elif p[j]=='*':
dp[i][j] = max(dp[i-1][j],dp[i][j-1])
return dp[sl][pl]
ob = Solution()
print(ob.isMatch("aa", "a?"))
print(ob.isMatch("aaaaaa", "a*"))

## Input

"aa", "a."
"aaaaaa", "a*"

## Output

True
True