Which is better for data analysis: R or Python?

In this article, we will explain R and python and which is better for data analysis: R or Python.

Python and R are both popular statistical programming languages. While R's functionality is designed with statisticians in mind (considering R's powerful data visualization features), Python is frequently complimented for its simple syntax.

What is R?

R is a statistical programming language that is largely used by statisticians, data miners, and data analysts. R was created especially for statistical analysis and visualization, therefore this is its greatest strength. Within R, there are hundreds of well-established packages and libraries for these tasks. RStudio, R's integrated development environment (IDE), offers another advantage. There are other wonderful Python IDE options to pick from, such as Spyder, Anaconda, or PyCharm, but whether they are on par with RStudio is questionable.

R was first utilized mostly in academics and research, but the business world has recently discovered R as well. R is now one of the fastest-growing statistical languages in the business world.

R's large community, which provides help through mailing groups, user-contributed documentation, and a very active Stack Overflow group, is one of its key strengths. CRAN, a massive repository of curated R packages to which anyone can readily contribute, is also available.

These packages are a collection of R functions and data that allow you to quickly access the most recent techniques and functionality without having to write everything from scratch.

One of R's major disadvantages is that it demands you to master a large number of packages and libraries, which can significantly raise the learning curve.

To manipulate data in R, for example, you may require dplyr, ggplot2, readr, and tidyr, among other things, whereas in Python, all you need is the pandas package. Another issue is that R is difficult to embed in web applications, but Python is.

Uses of R

  • R is used in basic financial tools.

  • It is seen as an alternative method of execution of Science

  • R is the most used language for data science.

  • It aids in data import and cleaning.

What is Python?

Python is a high-level, object-oriented, dynamic, and multipurpose programming language i.e multi-paradigm language. Python's syntax, dynamic typing, and interpreted nature make it an excellent scripting language.

Python is a general-purpose programming language that may be used to create websites, automate activities, and perform data analysis. Python's greatest strength is its ability to do numerous tasks at once. Although this article focuses on data analysis, it is a work that is often complemented by web development and machine learning. Having a single tool, such as Python, to handle all of these tasks is both convenient and powerful. Moreover, Python offers an increasing variety of data analysis modules and is gradually becoming the most popular programming language used today.

Python libraries, on the other hand, are still being created and are not as well-established as R's libraries. Python's processing speeds are also infamously slow, depending on the package, due to the massive amount of memory it consumes.

Python and R are used by businesses of various sizes, including some of the world's most prominent, such as Google, Facebook, Netflix, and Uber. In fact, larger firms frequently employ both programming languages concurrently to maximize on the characteristics of each.

Uses of Python

  • Data analysis and machine learning— Python is frequently utilized in modern technologies such as Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Python's support for multiple libraries makes it ideal for developing machine-learning models.

  • Web development

  • Automation or scripting

  • Software testing and prototyping

  • Game development

  • Language development

  • Data visualization

  • Finance

  • Programming Applications

  • Everyday tasks

  • It is a popular language in robotics and is often used for Robotic Process Automation.

R Vs Python: In General Numbers

Many statistics compare the adoption and popularity of R with Python on the web. While these data frequently provide a decent sense of how these two languages are progressing in the larger ecosystem of computer science, comparing them side by side is difficult. The fundamental reason for this is because R is exclusively used in data science environments; Python, on the other hand, is widely utilized in numerous industries, including web development.

This frequently impacts the ranking results in Python's favor, but salaries are affected somewhat negatively.

R Vs Python: In Data Analysis Numbers

Looking at recent polls on programming languages used for data analysis, R is frequently a clear winner. A similar tendency emerges when focusing particularly on the Python and R data analysis communities.

Despite the data above, there are indications that more people are transferring from R to Python. Moreover, a rising number of people use a blend of both languages when suitable. This is exactly what we advise our students to do as well.

If you want to work in data science, you need to be fluent in both languages. Both talents are in high demand, according to job trends, and incomes are substantially above average.

Which is better for data analysis: R or Python?

So, which is superior for data analytics: Python or R? It all depends on what you intend to use each for. R is the preferable choice for pure statistical work. It was designed primarily for statistical computations and so excels at them. In reality, R is most likely the most extensively used language for constructing statistical tools and software. R also supports a large variety of data types, such as arrays, matrices, vectors, and various data objects. R also has the capacity to do data cleansing and wrangling activities, which makes data easier to consume and more accurate.

Python, on the other hand, is excellent for machine learning. Moreover, Python is such a strong and flexible programming language that learning it makes sense because you will not be limited in the types of applications you may construct. Python provides good data visualization, which helps data analysts understand the material they are examining. Visualizing data in Python is made simple by libraries like Matplotlib and APIs like Plotly. Python's ability to handle Big Data is another advantage for data analytics, thanks in part to its compatibility with Hadoop via the package PyDoop, which provides an API for Hadoop.

Other differences exist, of course, but in the end, it will likely come down to what works best for you and your project. There is, of course, nothing that says you can't learn both, as they are both very readable and simple to learn, with loads of community tools to help you get started and troubleshoot code.


In this article, we learned about Python and R and their applications, as well as which is superior for data analysis by comparing them in every way.