What is the use of jsp text action element?

JSPJava 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

The <jsp: text> action can be used to write the template text in JSP pages and documents. Following is the simple syntax for this action −

<jsp:text>Template data</jsp:text>

The body of the template cannot contain other elements; it can only contain text and EL expressions (Note − EL expressions are explained in a subsequent chapter). Note that in XML files, you cannot use expressions such as ${whatever > 0}, because the greater than signs are illegal. Instead, use the gt form, such as ${whatever gt 0} or an alternative is to embed the value in a CDATA section.


If you need to include a DOCTYPE declaration, for instance for XHTML, you must also use the <jsp:text> element as follows −

<jsp:text><![CDATA[<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
      <title>jsp:text action</title>
               Welcome to JSP Programming

Try the above example with and without <jsp:text> action.

Published on 20-Mar-2019 11:14:01