What is the full form of CT ?


Chemotherapy (CT) is a medical technique involving drugs to target cancer cells. These drugs can be administered orally, intravenously, or topically. Chemotherapy affects not only cancer cells but also healthy cells, which can result in side effects and discomfort.

The procedure is often coupled with other procedures such as surgery and radiation procedures to enhance the effectiveness of cancer treatment.

Cancer treatment

Cancer treatment involves a range of therapies, such as surgery, radiation, medications, and other treatments. The objective of cancer treatment is to eliminate cancer or shrink cancer. Based on the type and stage of the disease, the patient may be exposed to a single treatment or a combination of treatments. Chemotherapy is one such standard procedure used to slow down the progression of the disease or eliminate it. This procedure is coupled with other therapies such as radiation to increase its success rate.

Combination therapy

Combination therapy, which involves the use of two or more anticancer medications, is a common approach in cancer treatment as it may be more effective than single-drug chemotherapy regimens. A more common combination is administering drugs that work by different mechanisms, thereby decreasing the probability of developing resistance to the disease. The dosage of these drugs can be optimized depending on the stage of the disease.

Drugs involved in chemotherapy can attack cancer cells by targeting different points in the cell cycle. So, coupling different drugs enhances the probability of eliminating cancer cells. Combination therapy plays a vital role in cancer elimination and increases efficacy as it attacks key pathways synergistically.

Side effects

While chemotherapy can be effective in treating cancer, it also has several ramifications that can make the patient uncomfortable. Frequent side effects include fatigue, hair loss, easy bruising and bleeding, infection, nausea and vomiting, appetite changes, constipation, diarrhoea, and mouth, tongue, and throat problems such as sores and pain with swallowing.

However, it is important to note that not all chemotherapy drugs cause the same side effects, and some individuals may experience different or more severe side effects than others. Most of these ramifications can be eliminated, and some of them go away after treatment ends. One must discuss concerns regarding chemotherapy with a healthcare provider to choose the best course of action.

Infusion therapy

Infusion therapy is defined as a medical procedure that involves the administration of medication or fluids directly into a patient's bloodstream, typically through a vein. Infusion therapy can be used to provide a variety of treatments, including chemotherapy, antibiotics, hydration, nutrition, and pain management.

Infusion therapy can be delivered in different settings, including hospitals, clinics, and home healthcare settings. Depending on the patient's condition and therapy needs, infusion therapy can be administered through a peripheral intravenous (IV) line.

This therapy is typically performed by a healthcare professional, such as a nurse or infusion therapist, who has received specialized training in the administration of infusion therapy. During the infusion, the healthcare professional closely monitors the patient's vital signs and ensures that the therapy is being administered safely and effectively.


In conclusion, chemotherapy is an important treatment option for cancer which uses powerful drugs to target and eliminate cancer cells throughout the body. It also has several ramifications which can be tough to manage but go away with time. However, not all chemotherapy drugs cause the same side effects, and some individuals may experience different or more severe side effects than others. One must discuss issues and concerns regarding different cancer therapies with their healthcare before proceeding with the treatment to ensure the right treatment is administered according to the patient’s needs.


Q1. Is the treatment of chemotherapy painful?

Ans. Chemotherapy is an intravenous procedure that involves the insertion of a needle. It can be uncomfortable for some patients. This therapy can sometimes cause inflammation in veins which can be sore for a few days. Apart from that, chemotherapy does not hurt patients.

Q2. Can someone have a chemotherapy procedure during an ongoing pregnancy?

Ans. Chemotherapy during the first trimesters of pregnancy can be risky. However, the risk is lower as later stages of pregnancy are reached. Drugs used in the procedure can lead to preterm babies with health issues. The risk factors vary with the kind of cancer involved and the trimester of pregnancy.

Q3. What is the period of chemotherapy?

Ans. The procedure can go on for a few months or years. The procedure is usually 6 months long. Maintenance chemotherapy is a procedure given to patients to control cancer or prevent symptoms.

Updated on: 17-May-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started