What is the full form of BAMS ?


The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a five-and-a-half-year undergraduate medical degree program that focuses on traditional Ayurvedic medicine and surgery practices and modern medical practices and research. The course covers various subjects such as anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, ayurvedic principles and practices, and more.

Candidates who have completed their higher secondary education with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as their main subjects and meet the minimum aggregate mark requirement can apply for admission to BAMS. After completing the course, graduates can either practice as Ayurvedic doctors, work in Ayurvedic hospitals, research centers, or pharmaceutical companies, or pursue higher education in Ayurveda.

What is BAMS?

The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an undergraduate degree program in the field of Ayurveda. Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine that originated in India more than 5000 years ago. The system is based on the principle that the body is composed of five elements - earth, water, air, fire, and ether - and that the balance of these elements is essential for good health. Ayurveda offers holistic healing through various therapies, herbal remedies, and lifestyle changes.

BAMS is a five-and-a-half-year course that includes one year of internship. The course is divided into three parts - the first part covers the basic principles of Ayurveda, the second part covers the clinical aspects of Ayurveda, and the third part includes an internship in a hospital or clinic.


Candidates are advised to check the eligibility criteria of the respective institutions before applying.

Educational Qualifications

Candidates who wish to pursue BAMS must have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as their main subjects. They should have secured a minimum aggregate score of 50% (40% for reserved categories) in their qualifying examination.

Age Limit

There is no specific age limit to apply for BAMS, but candidates should check the age requirements of the respective institutions offering the course.

Entrance Exam

In India, most colleges and universities offering BAMS require candidates to clear a national or state-level entrance exam to be eligible for admission. The most common entrance exam for BAMS in India is NEET-UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test-Undergraduate).


Indian nationals and foreign nationals who meet the eligibility criteria are eligible to apply for BAMS. However, foreign nationals may have to go through additional screening processes and meet specific eligibility criteria set by the institutions.

Physical Fitness

Candidates must also meet the physical fitness criteria as prescribed by the institution they are applying to.

Course details and Fee Structure

The course is divided into four and a half years of academic study followed by a one-year compulsory internship. During the academic years, students learn about Ayurvedic concepts, principles, and practices, as well as modern medical subjects like anatomy, physiology, pathology, and pharmacology. The curriculum also includes practical training, research work, and clinical experience to provide students with a well-rounded understanding of Ayurvedic medicine and surgery.

The fee structure for BAMS may vary depending on the institution offering the course. In India, the average fee for BAMS can range from INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000 per year. However, the fee may be higher for private institutions or institutions that offer additional facilities like accommodation and transportation. Additionally, there may be other expenses like examination fees, library fees, and laboratory fees that are not included in the tuition fee. Scholarships and financial assistance may be available for eligible candidates from the government or private organizations.

Career Option

After completing a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), graduates have a range of career options to choose from. BAMS graduates can practice as Ayurvedic doctors, consultants, or medical officers in government or private hospitals, clinics, or wellness centers. They can also establish their own private practice, work in an MSMS program in Ayurveda or related fields, or pursue research in Ayurvedic medicine.

BAMS graduates can work in various roles in the healthcare industry, including diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases using Ayurvedic principles and practices. They can also specialize in specific areas of Ayurveda, like Panchakarma, Rasayana, or Balaroga, to provide specialized care for patients. Graduates can also work as educators, teaching Ayurvedic principles and practices to students or conducting workshops and seminars for healthcare professionals.

In terms of salary, the average salary of a BAMS graduate in India can range from INR 2.5 lakhs to INR 6 lakhs per annum, depending on the job profile and experience. The salary can be higher for graduates working in private institutions or in their own private practice. However, the salary may also depend on the location, demand, and market conditions.


In conclusion, the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is a comprehensive course that prepares students for a career in traditional Ayurvedic medicine and surgery. The program provides a balance between ancient Ayurvedic practices and modern medical techniques, making it a valuable option for those interested in holistic medicine. With the increasing demand for natural and holistic healthcare, BAMS graduates are well-positioned to make a meaningful contribution to the healthcare industry.


Q1. What is the difference between BAMS and MBBS?

Ans. BAMS focuses on traditional Ayurvedic medicine, while MBBS focuses on modern medicine. BAMS graduates learn about natural remedies and holistic healing, whereas MBBS graduates learn about medical procedures, pharmaceuticals, and surgeries.

Q2. Can BAMS graduates practice modern medicine in addition to Ayurveda?

Ans. No, BAMS graduates are not authorized to practice modern medicine, as they are not trained in the same field. However, they may be able to collaborate with modern medical practitioners to provide holistic care to patients.

Q3. Can BAMS graduates practice outside India?

Ans. The recognition of BAMS outside India may vary depending on the country. Graduates may need to fulfill certain criteria or pass specific exams to practice Ayurvedic medicine in other countries.

Updated on: 24-Apr-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started