What is the full form of AITC ?


The AITC is recognised as a national party in 2016. It was founded in 1998 by Mamata Banerjee who is currently the Chief Minister of West Bengal and also the chairperson of the party. The party is said to have its roots from the Indian National Congress because Mamata Banerjee was previously a member of the INC. Nevertheless, the party is the leading party in West Bengal and is a great opposition to the Bharatiya Janata Party.


AITC stands forAll Indian Trinamool Congress. The party has been active in West Bengal since its foundation but in 2016, the party was given the recognition of a national party. Mamata Banerjee is the Chairperson of the party. She is also currently the Chief Minister of West Bengal and came to power in 2011 and has been reelected since then.

The AITC aims to develop India in all sectors including politics, economy, industry, society, culture, agriculture and make India a global. The party also aims to uphold and respect the ‘multi-lingual, multi-faceted, multi-ethnic, rich culture and heritage of India.’ Objectives of the party include working towards defence and advance of nationalism, socialism, secularism, and democratic ideals.

History of AITC

Mamata Banerjee founded the party in 1998 after being associated with Indian National Congress for more than 26 years. During the Lok Sabha held in 1998, TMC garnered seven seats. In the 1999 election to the Lok Sabha, Trinamool Congress gained one more seat by teaming up with the BJP to win 8 seats. The TMC prevailed in the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections held in 2000.

Previously, the AITC was highly successful, because it won seven seats in its first election in 1998, by joining the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which was a component of the government led by Vajpayee. The TMC and INC partnered to win 60 seats in the Vidhan Sabha elections of 2001, making TMC the main opposition party. But after two consecutive losses in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly of 2002 and in 2004 Lok Sabha, they left the NDA. But despite these events, the Nandigram Movement helped the AITC win the elections of 2009.

Notable Personalities

Since May 20, 2011, Mamata Banerjee, who is an Indian politician, has held the position of leadership by being the Chief Minister of West Bengal which is India's eighth-largest state. She is the first woman to hold the position. Mamata Banerjee has also served the Union Cabinet numerous times. Banerjee left the West Bengal Congress Party in 1997 as a result of differences in political philosophy with the Somendra Nath Mitra, who was the President of West Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee at that time.

After leaving the Indian National Congress, she created the All India Trinamool Congress in 1998, serving as its inaugural chairman. She is frequently called "Didi."

Current Political Role

TMC and the Congress partnered to win nineteen seats in the 2009 West Bengal Lok Sabha election. Afterward, they joined the administration of Dr. Manmohan Singh, where Banerjee served as the ministry's Rail Minister. The AITC won 97 out of 141 seats in the Kolkata municipal election in 2010. It also triumphed in most of the other municipalities.

The TMC dominated the state in the 2014 elections to Lok Sabha, taking 34 seats out of the 42 seats. The TMC also met the requirements for national party recognition because it obtained 6% of the vote from each of the following five states: West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura, Jharkhand, and Assam. It was then that the Election Commission recognised AITC as a legitimate ‘national party’ on September 2, 2016. In the 2016 election, the party was returned to power with a supermajority, and Banerjee kept her position as Chief Minister. In the 2019 general elections in India, the AITC obtained the majority seats in West Bengal. In addition to this, in the state election of 2021, Banerjee's administration defeated the BJP by an unexpectedly wide margin.


The AITC is a national party which was founded by Mamata Banerjee and Mukul Roy. Since 2016, the party has been recognised as a national party and has played a major role in Indian politics. Even though the party is mainly present in West Bengal, it is one of the leading opposition for the BJP.


Q1. What do you know about the Nandigram Movement?

Ans. The distress in Nandigram started when the people were served a notice in December 2006 that a large part of the Nandigram will be required by the Haldia Development Authority to make a chemical plant. This meant that around 70,000 people would be forced out of their houses. Under these circumstances, the people of Nandigram started a movement against land acquisition which was supported and led by the AITC.

Q2. How can the flag of AITC be identified?

Ans. The flag of the party consists of saffron, white and green horizontally along with a blue symbol of ‘two flowers and grass’ located at the centre of the flag.

Q3. Mention one objective of AITC

Ans. It also aims to eliminate illiteracy, poverty, and injustice beside uplifting the poor, subjugated people of the society. Hence, the party wishes to promote social equality by participating in electoral politics.

Updated on: 17-Apr-2023


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