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What is the full form of AICC ?
The AICC- All India Congress Committee is the executive body of the INC. It consists of important departments and cells that look after and formulate every step of the Congress party. All the notable alumni of the INC are members of the AICC. It also consists of members from various state level Congress committees. Some of the notable personalities among others are former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh; Member of Parliament, Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi.
The AICC stands for All India Congress Committee. It is a decision making body of the Indian National Congress (INC) party. It consists of executive members elected from several state level congress committees and other members. Among the members is the President of the INC Shri Mallikarjun Kharge, Treasurer- Shri Pawan Kumar Bansal, 10 General Secretaries, 19 In-Charges, 65 Secretaries and 8 Joint Secretaries. The AICC is categorised into −
Steering Committee consisting of the President and 48 members including Sonia Gandhi, Dr. Manmohan Singh, Rahul Gandhi, Priyanka Gandhi, P. Chidambaram and others.
Central Election Authority which consists of 5 members.
Central Election Committee which consists of the President of the INC and 10 other members including Rahul Gandhi and Dr. Manmohan Singh.
AICC Departments and Cells which consists of different departments for different sectors like the AICC Data Analytics Department, All India Adivasi Congress and many others.
AICC Committees which consist of many committees like the Communication and Publicity Sub Group, Disciplinary Action Committee and others.
Notable Alumni of the INC
Dadabhai Naroji was the President of the Indian National Congress from 1886 to 1887, from 1893 to 94 and from 1906 to 1907. In 1892, he became the first Asian who was elected to the British Parliament from the seat of Finsbury Central. He is also known as the ‘Grand Old Man of India’. Two important theoretical contribution of Naroji is the ‘drain theory’ and his book ‘Poverty and Un-British Rule in India’. Through his idea of ‘drain theory’ he provided an estimation of wealth that has been drained from India to Britain during the British rule in the country. He also calculated the amount of profit India made in those countries and the effects of colonial rule.
Surendranath Banerjee is one of the members who played an important role behind the foundation of the Indian National Congress. He was a professor, journalist and a political leader. He edited the newspaper ‘Bengalee’ for 40 years. Prior to the foundation of the INC he also founded a political party with Ananadomohan Bose. This political party ‘Indian National Association’ is one of the very few political organisations founded at that time. He also served as a Congress President at Poona in the year 1895 and at Ahmedabad in 1902. Banerjee was a leader of the moderate Congress which is different from the extremists.
The AICC is an assembly of the important members of the Congress whose main function is to look into the activities and decisions of the political organisation. With the help of its committees and departments the AICC looks after the role of INC in various sectors of various states where INC committees and supporters are present. INC is one of the largest political parties in India and hence its executive body which is the AICC consists of members from all state provinces of the country. Hence, without the formation of the AICC, the functioning of a national party like the Congress was impossible.
Q1. Which six factors did Naroji mention that resulted in draining India's resources to Britain.
Ans. According to Naroji, India’s rule by a foreign country, lack of immigrants in India, India’s expense for maintenance of British Administration and the Indian Army, expense of building empires inside and outside of India, participation in free trade and expenditure of Indian money in most foreign countries led to the excessive drain of resources and wealth from India to Britain.
Q2. Who is known as the ‘Rasthraguru’?
Ans. Surendranath Banerjee is known as the Rasthraguru. He was a leader of the moderate Congress and he supported the 1909 Morley-Minto Reforms and the 1919 Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. He also played an important role in the Swadeshi Movement.
Q3. Who is the first President of the Indian National Congress?
Ans. The first President of the Indian National Congress was Wyomesh Chandra Banerjee. He served this presidency from 1885 to 1933.
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