What is Alpha Testing? Process, Example

Alpha Testing

Alpha testing is the initial end-to-end testing of a product to confirm that it fulfils company requirements and performs properly. It is often carried out by staff members in a lab/stage setting. An alpha test confirms that the product actually functions and performs what it is designed to do. Although "unit testing" and "smoke testing" of various individual features and functionalities may have occurred during the development cycle, an alpha test is the first chance to monitor the efficiency and overall functioning of a specific product launch.

The major distinction between an alpha test and a beta test is that who performs the testing—alpha tests are often conducted by company employees in a laboratory or stage setting, whereas beta tests are completed by real users in a production context. The purpose of the alpha test is to identify as many bugs as possible before the product is released publicly.

Both "white box" and "black box" approaches could be used to perform alpha tests. A white box test allows testers to "look inside" the product to observe what really is going on throughout testing, which is often not achievable in a production scenario, whereas a black box test merely supplies the intakes and ensures the outcomes are delivered as intended.

Since alpha testing takes place before the product is launched, the white box approach might give extra information to notice problems or eliminate errors discovered during testing. Developers would normally solve these issues detected during alpha testing as quickly as feasible and refresh the test environment with patches for extensive testing.

Because such environmental tests cannot be performed in a stage/lab setup, dependability and security testing are often performed during beta testing rather than alpha testing. The key purpose is to identify "stunners" and other severe flaws and difficulties as quickly as feasible before proceeding with beta testing.

Who Participates in Alpha Testing?

There are two stages to alpha testing −

  • The initial step of testing is carried out by in-house programmers. They employ either hardware-assisted or software-assisted debuggers. The goal is to identify issues as soon as possible. During alpha testing, a tester is likely to encounter a slew of errors, malfunctions, missing functionality, and documentation.

  • The second step of alpha testing is performed by software quality assurance personnel for extra testing in an ecosystem. There is both black box and white box testing involved.

As a result, alpha testing might be thought of as an online program that isn't quite suitable for use but it has been made available to gather preliminary input.

Quality assurance or the software development team will often organize alpha testing. Workers from throughout the firm might be included as testers and get as many eyeballs on the product as possible, with various duties and testing requirements typically divided up among the several testers to guarantee all use cases are addressed and to accelerate the process.

Usually, testers would register concerns in a defect tracking tool or discuss them immediately to development leaders. The launch will not be able to leave alpha testing until all key bugs have indeed been fixed and the product has reached "feature lock," at which point no more features may be incorporated.

What is the Purpose of an Alpha Test?

An alpha test is carried out prior to a beta test, near the conclusion of the software development process.

The primary goal is to thoroughly test the software's input and output functions. To accomplish this, alpha testing is conducted in three stages −

  • Pre-alpha testing − A brief, high-level testing session to check whether the system is ready to move onto another stage of testing.

  • Alpha testing − A prolonged and comprehensive process of comprehensive and complete testing to stress-test all system functions.

  • Post-alpha testing − A simultaneous procedure in which one group of developers works on addressing any problems discovered while another group of testers continues to look for faults.

Alpha testing attempts to analyze system behavior and customer experience during the whole process. This is performed before the program is distributed to the public so that any bugs may be worked out before the system is exposed to the outside world.

Alpha Testing Techniques

Utilize some of the following strategies to make the most out of alpha testing −

  • Record every problem − Even if it is decided to abandon a problem or usability issue unsolved, recording everything during the alpha test is a great practice since the project team may return back to these issues when time permits, or they might be ready and prepared in the queue for post-release evaluation.

  • Don't wait till beta testing − Although beta testers may discover the same fault that was discovered during alpha testing, there's really no certainty. Furthermore, the more items corrected during alpha testing, the superior the product will seem to public beta testers, who will not be diverted by identified faults.

  • Examine the specifications before beginning testing − Anyone doing alpha testing must go over the operational requirements and testing requirements before beginning. This provides meaning and purpose for their effort while also providing a general common knowledge.

  • Recheck with the person reporting the issue − The same person who discovered the problem must validate that the fault is now addressed; don't just accept the developer's word.

  • Confirm there really is agreement before departing alpha testing − Everyone participating in alpha testing must believe the product is suitable for beta, and a venue should indeed be provided for anybody to voice issues before the choice is made.

  • Involve non-technical employees − Because more technical people would be more tolerant of defects and usability concerns than normal customers, incorporating a cross-section of real users during the alpha test gives a better-rounded appraisal of the product.

  • Monitor the full customer experience − A product may "function," although it may not be useable as part of a bigger process, therefore test cases must cover an actual user's end-to-end experiences.

  • Marketing and sales boot camp − The alpha testing stage is a good chance for the marketing teams to become more acquainted with the most recent version of the product. They will have a better grasp of the customer experience and be able to convey with more power while pitching the product to the market if they utilize it to conduct test cases.

  • Customer support practice reps − Alpha testing is a wonderful opportunity for customer service to become fully acquainted with the modifications and improvements to the product prior to dealing with actual customers in an emergency. Including them in the testing is better preparation for them and adds a customer-focused perspective to the product prior to delivery.

Example of the Alpha Testing Process

Alpha testing is often performed in a testing laboratory setting on a different system. In this method, the project manager collaborates with the programmer to create precise goals for alpha testing and to incorporate the outcomes into ongoing project plans.

As a result of performing alpha testing on a concept, in-depth reliability testing, installation testing, and documentation testing can be skipped.

A good test plan with extensive test scenarios is required for an effective alpha test. Alpha testing involves a variety of actions such as logging problems, resolving faults, rechecking, multiple cycles, and so on.

While Alpha testing is not fully functioning, the QA team must verify that everything on board is well verified, particularly anything that will be provided to the client.

To ensure best practices, the QA team must collect all extra information as early as possible, such as usability input on an alpha stage storage code, the appearance and feel of the product, the navigation system, and so on.

It is also advisable to send an e-mail to the client with all of the test information to make the customer familiar with the current state of the program.

How Do You Carry Out an Alpha Test?

The internal assessment or quality assurance (QA) department is in charge of alpha testing.

In general, an alpha test will proceed as follows −

  • The first stage in alpha testing is to go over the architectural specs and comprehend the functional and non-functional needs.

  • Following that, a detailed test strategy is developed in order to produce all of the required test scenarios.

  • The team begins alpha testing after the test strategy and test cases are complete. The major aim here is to look for any faults or problems in the system.

  • When the team encounters a problem or a flaw, the problem is recorded in a different system.

  • These faults are then allocated to development team members to engage on and resolve.

  • The testing team retests the software product once the development team certifies that the problems have been fixed. This testing cycle will be repeated until no further problems are discovered.

Benefits of Alpha Testing

  • Improved understanding of the software's dependability in its formative stages

  • Allow your crew to work on different projects.

  • Minimize delivery time.

  • Summary of findings aids in the improvement of software quality.


  • In software engineering, an initial prototype of a software product is referred to as alpha testing.

  • The goal of Alpha testing is to immerse customers in the development phase.

  • A well-defined test strategy with extensive test cases is required for an effective Alpha test.

  • It provides more information regarding the software's dependability in its early phases.