VBA - Switch Statement


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When a user wants to execute a group of statements depending upon a value of an Expression, then Switch Case is used. Each value is called a Case, and the variable is being switched ON based on each case. Case Else statement is executed if the test expression doesn't match any of the Case specified by the user.

Case Else is an optional statement within Select Case, however, it is a good programming practice to always have a Case Else statement.

Syntax

Following is the syntax of a Switch statement in VBScript.

Select Case expression
   Case expressionlist1
      statement1
      statement2
      ....
      ....
      statement1n
   Case expressionlist2
      statement1
      statement2
      ....
      ....
   Case expressionlistn
      statement1
      statement2
      ....
      ....   
   Case Else
      elsestatement1
      elsestatement2
      ....
      ....
End Select

Example

For demo purpose, let us find the type of integer with the help of a function.

Private Sub switch_demo_Click()
   Dim MyVar As Integer
   MyVar = 1
  
   Select Case MyVar
      Case 1
         MsgBox "The Number is the Least Composite Number"
      Case 2
         MsgBox "The Number is the only Even Prime Number"
      Case 3
         MsgBox "The Number is the Least Odd Prime Number"
      Case Else
         MsgBox "Unknown Number"
   End Select
End Sub

When the above code is executed, it produces the following result.

The Number is the Least Composite Number 
vba_decisions.htm
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