VBA - Excel Objects

When programming using VBA, there are few important objects that a user would be dealing with.

  • Application Objects
  • Workbook Objects
  • Worksheet Objects
  • Range Objects

Application Objects

The Application object consists of the following −

  • Application-wide settings and options.
  • Methods that return top-level objects, such as ActiveCell, ActiveSheet, and so on.


'Example 1 :
Set xlapp = CreateObject("Excel.Sheet") 
xlapp.Application.Workbooks.Open "C:\test.xls"

'Example 2 :

'Example 3:
Application.ActiveCell.Font.Bold = True

Workbook Objects

The Workbook object is a member of the Workbooks collection and contains all the Workbook objects currently open in Microsoft Excel.


'Ex 1 : To close Workbooks

'Ex 2 : To Add an Empty Work Book

'Ex 3: To Open a Workbook
Workbooks.Open FileName:="Test.xls", ReadOnly:=True

'Ex : 4 - To Activate WorkBooks

Worksheet Objects

The Worksheet object is a member of the Worksheets collection and contains all the Worksheet objects in a workbook.


'Ex 1 : To make it Invisible
Worksheets(1).Visible = False

'Ex 2 : To protect an WorkSheet
Worksheets("Sheet1").Protect password:=strPassword, scenarios:=True

Range Objects

Range Objects represent a cell, a row, a column, or a selection of cells containing one or more continuous blocks of cells.

'Ex 1 : To Put a value in the cell A5
Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A5").Value = "5235"

'Ex 2 : To put a value in range of Cells
Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A1:A4").Value = 5
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