# VBA - Operators

An Operator can be defined using a simple expression - 4 + 5 is equal to 9. Here, 4 and 5 are called operands and + is called operator. VBA supports following types of operators −

• Arithmetic Operators
• Comparison Operators
• Logical (or Relational) Operators
• Concatenation Operators

## The Arithmatic Operators

Following arithmetic operators are supported by VBA.

Assume variable A holds 5 and variable B holds 10, then −

Show Examples

Operator Description Example
+ Adds the two operands A + B will give 15
- Subtracts the second operand from the first A - B will give -5
* Multiplies both the operands A * B will give 50
/ Divides the numerator by the denominator B / A will give 2
% Modulus operator and the remainder after an integer division B % A will give 0
^ Exponentiation operator B ^ A will give 100000

## The Comparison Operators

There are following comparison operators supported by VBA.

Assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 20, then −

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Operator Description Example
= Checks if the value of the two operands are equal or not. If yes, then the condition is true. (A = B) is False.
<> Checks if the value of the two operands are equal or not. If the values are not equal, then the condition is true. (A <> B) is True.
> Checks if the value of the left operand is greater than the value of the right operand. If yes, then the condition is true. (A > B) is False.
< Checks if the value of the left operand is less than the value of the right operand. If yes, then the condition is true. (A < B) is True.
>= Checks if the value of the left operand is greater than or equal to the value of the right operand. If yes, then the condition is true. (A >= B) is False.
<= Checks if the value of the left operand is less than or equal to the value of the right operand. If yes, then the condition is true. (A <= B) is True.

## The Logical Operators

Following logical operators are supported by VBA.

Assume variable A holds 10 and variable B holds 0, then −

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Operator Description Example
AND Called Logical AND operator. If both the conditions are True, then the Expression is true. a<>0 AND b<>0 is False.
OR Called Logical OR Operator. If any of the two conditions are True, then the condition is true. a<>0 OR b<>0 is true.
NOT Called Logical NOT Operator. Used to reverse the logical state of its operand. If a condition is true, then Logical NOT operator will make false. NOT(a<>0 OR b<>0) is false.
XOR Called Logical Exclusion. It is the combination of NOT and OR Operator. If one, and only one, of the expressions evaluates to be True, the result is True. (a<>0 XOR b<>0) is true.

## The Concatenation Operators

Following Concatenation operators are supported by VBA.

Assume variable A holds 5 and variable B holds 10 then −

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Operator Description Example
+ Adds two Values as Variable. Values are Numeric A + B will give 15
& Concatenates two Values A & B will give 510

Assume variable A = "Microsoft" and variable B = "VBScript", then −

Operator Description Example
+ Concatenates two Values A + B will give MicrosoftVBScript
& Concatenates two Values A & B will give MicrosoftVBScript

Note − Concatenation Operators can be used for both numbers and strings. The output depends on the context, if the variables hold numeric value or string value.