Underscore(_) in Python

PythonProgrammingServer Side Programming

In Python in some cases we use Single Underscore(_) and some cases we use Double Underscores (__).

In Python has following cases, where we use underscore.

  • If we want to store the value of last expression in interpreter.
  • If we want to ignore some values.
  • For declaration of variable or function.
  • To separate digits of number lateral value.
  • It is also used as ‘Internationalization (i18n)’ or ‘Localization (l10n)’ functions.

Now some examples on every cases.

Used in interpreter

The Python Interpreter stores the last expression value in the '_'.

>>> 20 
20 
>>> _ 
20 
>>> _ + 3 
23

Ignoring the values

Underscore is also used for ignoring the values.

x, _, y = (1, 2, 3)

Here x = 1, y = 3 and ignore the value 2.

Used for declaring variable and function

Python does not support private, so we cannot force something’s private ones but we can call it directly from other modules.

single_trailing_underscore_

Using this conversion easily can avoid conflicting of Python keywords and built-ins.

__double_leading_underscore

This is mangle, it is used to avoid conflicts of attributes name between names.

If you write a method name “__display” in a class, the name will be mangled in “_ClassName__display” form.

__double_leading_and_trailing_underscore__

In some cases we use this conversion. Just like _init_.

To separate digits of number lateral value

dec_base = 1_000_000
print(dec_base)  # 1000000

As Internationalization (i18n)/Localization (l10n) functions

This is just a convention not any syntactic functions here underscore just bind the i18n/l10n to underscore variable has been from C convention.

raja
Published on 20-Nov-2018 12:01:04
Advertisements