Traversing contents of a hash map in Java

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

A map is a collection in Java which stores key-value pairs. The keys of this must not be null and each key should point to only one value. It is represented by the Map interface of java.util package. There are various classes which provide implementation to this interface.

The HashMap is a class which implements the Map interface. It is based on the Hash table. It allows null values and null keys.

In short, you can store key-value pairs in the HashMap object. Once you do so you can retrieve the values of the respective keys but, the values we use for keys should be unique.

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Scanner;
public class HashMapExample {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      HashMap<String, Long> map = new HashMap<String, Long>();
      System.out.println("Enter the number of records you need to store: ");
      Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
      int num = sc.nextInt();
      for(int i=0; i<num; i++) {
         System.out.println("Enter key (String): ");
         String key = sc.next();
         System.out.println("Enter value (Long): ");
         long value = sc.nextLong();
         map.put(key, value);
      }
      System.out.println("Values Stored . . . . . .");
      System.out.println("Enter a name (key): ");
      String reqKey = sc.next();
      System.out.println("Phone number (value): "+map.get(reqKey));
   }
}

Output

Enter the number of records you need to store:
3
Enter key (String):
Krishna
Enter value (Long):
9848022337
Enter key (String):
Vishnu
Enter value (Long):
9848022338
Enter key (String):
Moksha
Enter value (Long):
9848022339
Values Stored . . . . . .
Enter a name (key):
Krishna
Phone number (value): 9848022337

Retrieving the contents of a HashMap

You can retrieve the contents of HashMap objects using the Iterator, using for each method and using the forEach() method.

Using the Iterator

  • The entrySet() of the HashMap class returns the set view of the current (HashMap) object.

  • Invoke the iterator() method on the obtained Set object. This method returns the Iterator object of the current HashMap.

  • The hasNext() method of the iterator class returns true if the iterator contains more elements, the next() method of it returns the next map entry.

  • The getKey() and getValue() methods of the Map.Entry returns key and values respectively.

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
public class HashMapExample {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      HashMap<String, Long> map = new HashMap<String, Long>();
      map.put("Krishna", 9000123456L);
      map.put("Rama", 9000234567L);
      map.put("Sita", 9000345678L);
      map.put("Bhima", 9000456789L);
      map.put("Yousuf ", 9000456789L);
      System.out.println("Values Stored . . . . . .");
      //Retrieving the values of a Hash map
      Iterator it = map.entrySet().iterator();
      System.out.println("Contents of the hashMap are: ");
      while(it.hasNext()){
         Map.Entry <String, Long> ele = (Map.Entry) it.next();
         System.out.print(ele.getKey()+" : ");
         System.out.print(ele.getValue());
         System.out.println();
      }
   }
}

Output

Values Stored . . . . . .
Contents of the hashMap are:
Yousuf : 9000456789
Krishna : 9000123456
Sita : 9000345678
Rama : 9000234567
Bhima : 9000456789

Example: Using for each loop

 Live Demo

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
public class HashMapExample {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      HashMap<String, Long> map = new HashMap<String, Long>();
      map.put("Krishna", 9000123456L);
      map.put("Rama", 9000234567L);
      map.put("Sita", 9000345678L);
      map.put("Bhima", 9000456789L);
      map.put("Yousuf ", 9000456789L);
      System.out.println("Values Stored . . . . . .");
      //Retrieving the values of a Hash map
      Iterator it = map.entrySet().iterator();
      System.out.println("Contents of the hashMap are: ");
      for(Map.Entry ele : map.entrySet()){
         System.out.print(ele.getKey()+" : ");
         System.out.print(ele.getValue());
         System.out.println();
      }
   }
}

Output

Values Stored . . . . . .
Contents of the hashMap are:
Yousuf : 9000456789
Krishna : 9000123456
Sita : 9000345678
Rama : 9000234567
Bhima : 9000456789

Using forEach() method

Since Java8 a method named forEach() is introduces to retrieve the contents of the HashMap. This is the easiest way to retrieve elements from a HashMap

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.HashMap;
public class HashMapExample {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      HashMap<String, Long> map = new HashMap<String, Long>();
      map.put("Krishna", 9000123456L);
      map.put("Rama", 9000234567L);
      map.put("Sita", 9000345678L);
      map.put("Bhima", 9000456789L);
      map.put("Yousuf ", 9000456789L);
      System.out.println("Values Stored . . . . . .");
      //Retrieving the values of a Hash map
      System.out.println("Contents of the hashMap are: ");
      map.forEach((k, v) -> System.out.println(k +": " + (v)));
   }
}

Output

Values Stored . . . . . .
Contents of the hashMap are:
Yousuf: 9000456789
Krishna: 9000123456
Sita: 9000345678
Rama: 9000234567
Bhima: 9000456789
raja
Published on 06-Sep-2019 12:33:45
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