The newer threading module included with Python 2.4 provides much more powerful, high-level support for threads than the thread module discussed in the previous section.
The threading module exposes all the methods of the thread module and provides some additional methods −
In addition to the methods, the threading module has the Thread class that implements threading. The methods provided by the Thread class are as follows −
To implement a new thread using the threading module, you have to do the following −
Once you have created the new Thread subclass, you can create an instance of it and then start a new thread by invoking the start(), which in turn calls run() method.
#!/usr/bin/python import threading import time exitFlag = 0 class myThread (threading.Thread): def __init__(self, threadID, name, counter): threading.Thread.__init__(self) self.threadID = threadID self.name = name self.counter = counter def run(self): print "Starting " + self.name print_time(self.name, 5, self.counter) print "Exiting " + self.name def print_time(threadName, counter, delay): while counter: if exitFlag: threadName.exit() time.sleep(delay) print "%s: %s" % (threadName, time.ctime(time.time())) counter -= 1 # Create new threads thread1 = myThread(1, "Thread-1", 1) thread2 = myThread(2, "Thread-2", 2) # Start new Threads thread1.start() thread2.start() print "Exiting Main Thread"
When the above code is executed, it produces the following result −
Starting Thread-1 Starting Thread-2 Exiting Main Thread Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:03 2013 Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:04 2013 Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:04 2013 Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:05 2013 Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:06 2013 Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:06 2013 Thread-1: Thu Mar 21 09:10:07 2013 Exiting Thread-1 Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:08 2013 Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:10 2013 Thread-2: Thu Mar 21 09:10:12 2013 Exiting Thread-2