Symfony - Expression


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As we discussed earlier, expression language is one of the salient features of Symfony application. Symfony expression is mainly created to be used in a configuration environment. It enables a non-programmer to configure the web application with little effort. Let us create a simple application to test an expression.

Step 1 − Create a project, expression-language-example.

cd /path/to/dir 
mkdir expression-language-example 
cd expression-language-example 
composer require symfony/expression-language 

Step 2 − Create an expression object.

use Symfony\Component\ExpressionLanguage\ExpressionLanguage; 
$language = new ExpressionLanguage();

Step 3 − Test a simple expression.

echo "Evaluated Value: " . $language->evaluate('10 + 12') . "\r\n" ; 
echo "Compiled Code: " . $language->compile('130 % 34') . "\r\n" ;

Step 4 − Symfony expression is powerful such that it can intercept a PHP object and its property as well in the expression language.

class Product { 
   public $name; 
   public $price; 
} 
$product = new Product(); 
$product->name = 'Cake'; 
$product->price = 10;  

echo "Product price is " . $language 
   ->evaluate('product.price', array('product' => $product,)) . "\r\n";  
echo "Is Product price higher than 5: " . $language 
   ->evaluate('product.price > 5', array('product' => $product,)) . "\r\n"; 

Here, the expression product.price and product.price > 5 intercept $product object's property price and evaluate the result.

The complete coding is as follows.

main.php

<?php 
   require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php'; 
   use Symfony\Component\ExpressionLanguage\ExpressionLanguage; 
   $language = new ExpressionLanguage();  

   echo "Evaluated Value: " . $language->evaluate('10 + 12') . "\r\n" ; 
   echo "Compiled Code: " . $language->compile('130 % 34') . "\r\n" ;  
   
   class Product { 
      public $name; 
      public $price; 
   }  
   $product = new Product(); 
   $product->name = 'Cake'; 
   $product->price = 10;  

   echo "Product price is " . $language 
      ->evaluate('product.price', array('product' => $product,)) . "\r\n"; 
   echo "Is Product price higher than 5: " . $language 
      ->evaluate('product.price > 5', array('product' => $product,)) . "\r\n"; 
?> 

Result

Evaluated Value: 22 
Compiled Code: (130 % 34) 
Product price is 10 
Is Product price higher than 5: 1


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