Struts 2 - The Text Tag


The text tag is a generic tag that is used to render a I18n text message. Follow one of the three steps −

  • The message must be in a resource bundle with the same name as the action that it is associated with. In practice this means that you should create a properties file in the same package as your Java class with the same name as your class, but with .properties extension.

  • If the named message is not found, then the body of the tag will be used as default message.

  • If no body is used, then the name of the message will be used.

Let us check the following example to understand the usage of text tag −

Create Action Classes

package com.tutorialspoint.struts2;

public class HelloWorldAction {
   private String name;

   public String execute() throws Exception {
      return "success";
   public String getName() {
      return name;

   public void setName(String name) { = name;

Create Views

Let us have HelloWorld.jsp with the following content −

<%@ taglib prefix = "s" uri = "/struts-tags"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" 

      <title>Text Tag Example</title>
      <s:i18n name = "HelloWorldAction">
         <s:text name = "name.success"/><br>
         <s:text name = "">Message doesn't exists</s:text><br>
         <s:text name = "name.msg.param">
            <s:param >ZARA</s:param>

Configuration Files

Let us create a property file with the same name as of your action class package name. So in this case we will create file and keep in the class path −

name.success = This is success message
name.msg.param = The param example - param : {0}

Your struts.xml should look like −

<?xml version = "1.0" Encoding = "UTF-8"?>
   "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"

   <constant name = "struts.devMode" value = "true" />
   <constant name = "struts.custom.i18n.resources" value = "ApplicationResources"/>
   <package name = "helloaction" extends = "struts-default">
      <action name = "hello" 
         class = "com.tutorialspoint.struts2.HelloWorldAction" 
         method = "execute">
         <result name = "success">/HelloWorld.jsp</result>

Your web.xml should look like −

<?xml version = "1.0" Encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi = ""
   xmlns = "" 
   xmlns:web = ""
   xsi:schemaLocation = ""
   id = "WebApp_ID" version = "3.0">
   <display-name>Struts 2</display-name>


Right click on the project name and click Export > WAR File to create a War file. Then deploy this WAR in the Tomcat's webapps directory. Finally, start Tomcat server and try to access URL http://localhost:8080/HelloWorldStruts2/hello.action. This will produce the following screen −

Struts text tag