# Python program to print rangoli pattern using alphabets

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a number n. We have to create alphabet rangoli of n x n size. n must be within 1 and 26 and it will start from a and end at z when n is 26.

So, if the input is like 5, then the output will be

--------e--------
------e-d-e------
----e-d-c-d-e----
--e-d-c-b-c-d-e--
e-d-c-b-a-b-c-d-e
--e-d-c-b-c-d-e--
----e-d-c-d-e----
------e-d-e------
--------e--------

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• for i in range n-1 to 0, decrease by 1, do
• for j in range 0 to i-1, do
• print "--"
• for j in range n-1 to i+1, decrease by 1, do
• print character whose ASCII is j+97 and print extra "-" at the end
• for j in range i to n-1, do
• if j is not same as n-1, then
• print character whose ASCII is j+97 and print extra "-" at the end
• otherwise,
• print character whose ASCII is j+97
• for j in range 0 to 2*i - 1, do
• print "-" at the end
• go for next line
• for i in range 1 to n-1, do
• for j in range 0 to i, do
• print "--"
• for j in range n-1 to i+1, decrease by 1, do
• print character whose ASCII is j+97 and print extra "-" at the end
• for j in range i to n-1, do
• if j is not same as n-1, then
• print character whose ASCII is j+97 and print extra "-" at the end
• otherwise,
• print character whose ASCII is j+97
• for j in range 0 to 2*i - 1, do
• print "-" at the end
• go to the next line

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding

def solve(n):
for i in range(n-1,-1,-1):
for j in range(i):
print(end="--")
for j in range(n-1,i,-1):
print(chr(j+97),end="-")
for j in range(i,n):
if j != n-1:
print(chr(j+97),end="-")
else:
print(chr(j+97),end="")
for j in range(2*i):
print(end="-")
print()
for i in range(1,n):
for j in range(i):
print(end="--")
for j in range(n-1,i,-1):
print(chr(j+97),end="-")
for j in range(i,n):
if j != n-1:
print(chr(j+97),end="-")
else:
print(chr(j+97),end="")
for j in range(2*i):
print(end="-")
print()

n = 8
solve(n)

## Input

8

## Output

--------------h--------------
------------h-g-h------------
----------h-g-f-g-h----------
--------h-g-f-e-f-g-h--------
------h-g-f-e-d-e-f-g-h------
----h-g-f-e-d-c-d-e-f-g-h----
--h-g-f-e-d-c-b-c-d-e-f-g-h--
h-g-f-e-d-c-b-a-b-c-d-e-f-g-h
--h-g-f-e-d-c-b-c-d-e-f-g-h--
----h-g-f-e-d-c-d-e-f-g-h----
------h-g-f-e-d-e-f-g-h------
--------h-g-f-e-f-g-h--------
----------h-g-f-g-h----------
------------h-g-h------------
--------------h--------------