Python Program to Find the first Common Element between the 2 given Linked Lists

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

When it is required to find the common element that occurs for the first time between two linked lists, a method to add elements to the linked list, and a method to get the common element that occurs for the first time in these linked lists is defined.

Below is a demonstration for the same −

Example

 Live Demo

class Node:
   def __init__(self, data):
      self.data = data
      self.next = None

class LinkedList_structure:
   def __init__(self):
      self.head = None
      self.last_node = None

   def add_vals(self, data):
      if self.last_node is None:
         self.head = Node(data)
         self.last_node = self.head
      else:
         self.last_node.next = Node(data)
         self.last_node = self.last_node.next

def first_common_val(list_1, list_2):
   curr_1 = list_1.head
   while curr_1:
      data = curr_1.data
      curr_2 = list_2.head
      while curr_2:
         if data == curr_2.data:
            return data
         curr_2 = curr_2.next
      curr_1 = curr_1.next
   return None

my_list_1 = LinkedList_structure()
my_list_2 = LinkedList_structure()

my_list = input('Enter the elements of the first linked list : ').split()
for elem in my_list:
   my_list_1.add_vals(int(elem))

my_list = input('Enter the elements of the second linked list : ').split()
for elem in my_list:
   my_list_2.add_vals(int(elem))

common_vals = first_common_val(my_list_1, my_list_2)

if common_vals:
   print('The element that is present first in the first linked list and is common to both is {}.'.format(common))
else:
   print('The two lists have no common elements')

Output

Enter the elements of the first linked list : 45 67 89 123 45
Enter the elements of the second linked list : 34 56 78 99 0 11
The two lists have no common elements

Explanation

  • The ‘Node’ class is created.

  • Another ‘LinkedList_structure’ class with required attributes is created.

  • It has an ‘init’ function that is used to initialize the first element, i.e the ‘head’ to ‘None’.

  • A method named ‘add_vals’ is defined, that helps add a value to the stack.

  • Another method named ‘first_common_val’ is defined, that helps find the first common value that was found in the two linked lists.

  • Two instances of the ‘LinkedList_structure’ are created.

  • Elements are added to both the linked lists.

  • The ‘first_common_value’ method is called on these linked lists.

  • The output is displayed on the console.

raja
Published on 14-Apr-2021 13:55:26
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