Python Program for Subset Sum Problem

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this article, we will learn about the solution to the problem statement given below.

Problem statement − We are given a set of non-negative integers in an array, and a value sum, we need to determine if there exists a subset of the given set with a sum equal to a given sum.

Now let’s observe the solution in the implementation below −

# Naive approach

Example

def SubsetSum(set, n, sum) :
   # Base Cases
   if (sum == 0) :
      return True
   if (n == 0 and sum != 0) :
      return False
   # ignore if last element is > sum
   if (set[n - 1] > sum) :
      return SubsetSum(set, n - 1, sum);
   # else,we check the sum
   # (1) including the last element
   # (2) excluding the last element
   return SubsetSum(set, n-1, sum) or SubsetSum(set, n-1, sumset[n-1])
# main
set = [2, 14, 6, 22, 4, 8]
sum = 10
n = len(set)
if (SubsetSum(set, n, sum) == True) :
   print("Found a subset with given sum")
else :
   print("No subset with given sum")

Output

Found a subset with given sum

# dynamic approach

Example

# maximum number of activities that can be performed by a single person
def Activities(s, f ):
   n = len(f)
   print ("The selected activities are:")
   # The first activity is always selected
   i = 0
   print (i,end=" ")
   # For rest of the activities
   for j in range(n):
      # if start time is greater than or equal to that of previous activity
      if s[j] >= f[i]:
         print (j,end=" ")
         i = j
# main
s = [1, 2, 0, 3, 2, 4]
f = [2, 5, 4, 6, 8, 8]
Activities(s, f)

Output

Found a subset with given sum

Conclusion

In this article, we have learned about how we can make a Python Program for Subset Sum Problem

raja
Published on 20-Dec-2019 11:26:45
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