Python - Plotting bar charts in excel sheet using XlsxWriter module

A bar chart or bar graph is a chart or graph that presents categorical data with rectangular bars with heights or lengths proportional to the values that they represent. The bars can be plotted vertically or horizontally. A vertical bar chart is sometimes called a column chart.


# import xlsxwriter module
import xlsxwriter
# Workbook() takes one, non-optional, argument which is the filename #that we want to create.
workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook('chart_bar.xlsx')
# The workbook object is then used to add new worksheet via the #add_worksheet() method.
worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet()
# Create a new Format object to formats cells in worksheets using #add_format() method .
# here we create bold format object .
bold = workbook.add_format({'bold': 1})
# create a data list .
headings = ['Number', 'Batch 1', 'Batch 2']
data = [
   [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7],
   [80, 80, 100, 60, 50, 100],
   [60, 50, 60, 20, 10, 20],
# Write a row of data starting from 'A1' with bold format .
worksheet.write_row('A1', headings, bold)
# Write a column of data starting from 'A2', 'B2', 'C2' respectively worksheet.write_column('A2', data[0])
worksheet.write_column('B2', data[1])
worksheet.write_column('C2', data[2])
# Create a chart object that can be added to a worksheet using #add_chart() method.
# here we create a bar chart object .
chart1 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'bar'})
# Add a data series to a chart using add_series method.
# Configure the first series.
# = Sheet1 !$A$1 is equivalent to ['Sheet1', 0, 0].
   'name':       '= Sheet1 !$B$1',
   'categories': '= Sheet1 !$A$2:$A$7',
   'values':     '= Sheet1 !$B$2:$B$7',
# Configure a second series.Note use of alternative syntax to define #ranges.[sheetname, first_row, first_col, last_row, last_col].
   'name':       ['Sheet1', 0, 2],
   'categories': ['Sheet1', 1, 0, 6, 0],
   'values':     ['Sheet1', 1, 2, 6, 2],
# Add a chart title
chart1.set_title ({'name': 'Results of data analysis'})
# Add x-axis label
chart1.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'})
# Add y-axis label
chart1.set_y_axis({'name': 'Data length (mm)'})
# Set an Excel chart style.
#add chart to the worksheet the top-left corner of a chart
# is anchored to cell E2 .
worksheet.insert_chart('E2', chart1)
# Finally, close the Excel file via the close() method.

Updated on: 06-Aug-2020


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