Program to group the 1s with minimum number of swaps in a given string in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we are given a binary string input_str that contains 0s and 1s. Our task is to group the 0s and 1 by swapping the 1s in the given string. We have to perform a minimum number of swap operations, and we have to return that value. One thing to be kept in mind, we can swap the adjacent values only.

So, if the input is like input_str = 10110101, then the output will be 4

The swap will be like following −

10110101->01110101->01111001->01111010->01111100

The total number of swaps: 4.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • one := a new list containing the positions in input_str where the 1s are located
  • mid := floor value of (size of one / 2)
  • res := 0
  • for i in range 0 to size of one, do
    • res := res + |one[mid] - one[i]| - |mid - i|
  • if res < 0, then
    • return 0
  • otherwise,
    • return res

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

def solve(input_string):
   one = [i for i in range(len(input_string)) if input_string[i] == "1"]
   mid = len(one) // 2
   res = 0
   for i in range(len(one)):
      res += abs(one[mid] - one[i]) - abs(mid - i)
   return 0 if res < 0 else res

print(solve('10110101'))

Input

'10110101'

Output

4
raja
Published on 16-Oct-2021 10:56:28
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