# Program to find size of each partition of a list where each letter appears at most one piece in Python

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Suppose we have a lowercase string s, we can partition s into as many pieces as possible such that each letter appears in at most one piece and find the sizes of the partitions as a list.

So, if the input is like s = "momoplaykae", then the output will be [4, 1, 1, 4, 1], as the string is split into ["momo", "p", "l", "ayka", "e"].

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• count := a map that contains characters in s and their occurrences

• out := a new list, stk := an empty stack

• length := 0

• for each char in s, do

• count[char] := count[char] - 1

• length := length + 1

• while count[char] is not same as 0 or stk is not empty, do

• if count[char] is not same as 0, then

• push char into stk

• come out from loop

• if stk is not empty and count[top of stk] is same as 0, then

• pop from stk

• otherwise,

• come out from the loop

• if stk is empty and count[char] is same as 0, then

• insert length after out

• length := 0

• return out

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

Live Demo

from collections import Counter
class Solution:
def solve(self, s):
count = Counter(s)
out = []
stk = []
length = 0
for char in s:
count[char] -= 1
length += 1
while count[char] != 0 or stk:
if count[char] != 0:
stk.append(char)
break
if stk and count[stk[-1]] == 0:
stk.pop()
else:
break
if not stk and count[char] == 0:
out += [length]
length = 0
return out
ob = Solution()
s = "momoplaykae"
print(ob.solve(s))

## Input

"momoplaykae"

## Output

[4, 1, 1, 4, 1]