Program to find maximum score of a good subarray in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array called nums and a value k. Consider the score of a subarray (i, j) is defined as minimum of subarray nums[i..j] * (j-i+1). Now, a good subarray is a subarray where i <= k <= j. We have to find the maximum possible score of a good subarray.

So, if the input is like nums = [2,5,4,8,5,6] k = 3, then the output will be 20 because the optimal subarray is here (1, 5), so minimum of nums[1..5] is 4, so 4*(5-1+1) = 20

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • ans := nums[k], minNum := nums[k]

  • i := k, j := k

  • while i > -1 or j < size of nums, do

    • while i > -1 and nums[i] >= minNum, do

      • i := i - 1

    • while j < size of nums and nums[j] >= minNum, do

      • j := j + 1

    • ans := maximum of ans and ((j - i - 1) * minNum)

    • minNum := maximum of (nums[i] if i > -1 otherwise -1) and (nums[j] if j < size of nums otherwise -1)

  • return ans

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding

def solve(nums, k):
   ans = nums[k]
   minNum = nums[k]
   i = k
   j = k
   while i > -1 or j < len(nums):
      while i > -1 and nums[i] >= minNum:
         i -= 1
      while j < len(nums) and nums[j] >= minNum:
         j += 1
      ans = max(ans, (j - i - 1) * minNum)
      minNum = max(nums[i] if i > -1 else -1 , nums[j] if j <
len(nums) else -1)
   return ans

nums = [2,5,4,8,5,6]
k = 3
print(solve(nums, k))

Input

[2,5,4,8,5,6], 3

Output

20
raja
Updated on 08-Oct-2021 07:43:00

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