Program to find array of length k from given array whose unfairness is minimum in python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array A and another value k. We have to form an array arr whose size is k bu taking elements from A and minimize the unfairness. Here the unfairness is calculated by this formula −

(𝑚𝑎𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑢𝑚 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑟𝑟) − (𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑚𝑢𝑚 𝑜𝑓 𝑎𝑟𝑟)

So, if the input is like A = [25, 120, 350, 150, 2500, 25, 35] and k = 3, then the output will be 10, because we can take elements [25, 25, 35] so max(arr) = 35 and min(arr) = 25. So their difference is 10.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • i:= 0
  • sort the list A
  • n := size of A
  • m:= A[n-1]
  • x:= 0, y:= 0
  • while i < n-k, do
    • if A[i+k-1] - A[i] < m, then
      • m := A[i+k-1] - A[i]
    • i := i + 1
  • return m

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

def solve(A, k):
   i=0
   A.sort()
   n = len(A)
   m=A[n-1]
   x=0
   y=0
   while i<n-k:
      if(A[i+k-1]-A[i]<m):
         m=A[i+k-1]-A[i]
      i+=1
   return m

A = [25, 120, 350, 150, 2500, 25, 35]
k = 3
print(solve(A, k))

Input

[25, 120, 350, 150, 2500, 25, 35]

Output

10
raja
Published on 11-Oct-2021 07:43:35
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