# Program to encode a string in normal form to its run-length form in Python

Suppose we have a string s. We have to encode this by using run-length encoding technique. As we know, run-length encoding is a fast and simple method of encoding strings. The idea is as follows − The repeated successive elements (characters) as a single count and character.

So, if the input is like s = "BBBBAAADDCBB", then the output will be "4B3A2D1C2B"

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• res := blank string
• tmp := first character of s
• count := 1
• for i in range 1 to size of s, do
• if s[i] is not same as tmp, then
• res := res concatenate count concatenate tmp
• tmp := s[i]
• count := 1
• otherwise,
• count := count + 1
• return res concatenate count concatenate tmp

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

## Example

Live Demo

class Solution:
def solve(self, s):
res = ""
tmp = s
count = 1
for i in range(1,len(s)):
if s[i] != tmp:
res += str(count) + tmp
tmp = s[i]
count = 1
else:
count += 1
return res + str(count) + tmp
ob = Solution() print(ob.solve("BBBBAAADDCBB"))

## Input

"BBBBAAADDCBB"

## Output

4B3A2D1C2B