Program to count number of paths whose sum is k in python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a binary tree and another value k, we have to find the number of unique node to sub child paths are there which sums to k.

So, if the input is like

and k = 5, then the output will be 2, as the paths are [2, 3] and [1, 4]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • count := a map initially holds value 1 for key 0
  • ans := 0, prefix := 0
  • Define a function dfs() . This will take node
  • if node is not null, then
    • prefix := prefix + value of node
    • ans := ans + (count[prefix - target], if this is not available, it will be 0)
    • count[prefix] := count[prefix] + 1
    • dfs(left of node)
    • dfs(right of node)
    • count[prefix] := count[prefix] - 1
    • prefix := prefix - value of node
  • From the main method, do the following
  • dfs(root)
  • return ans

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example 

Live Demo

from collections import Counter
class TreeNode:
   def __init__(self, data, left = None, right = None):
      self.val = data
      self.left = left
      self.right = right

class Solution:
   def solve(self, root, target):
      count = Counter([0])
      ans = prefix = 0

      def dfs(node):
         nonlocal ans, prefix
         if node:
            prefix += node.val
            ans += count[prefix - target]
            count[prefix] += 1
            dfs(node.left)
            dfs(node.right)

            count[prefix] -= 1
            prefix -= node.val
      dfs(root)
      return ans
     
ob = Solution()
root = TreeNode(3)
root.left = TreeNode(2)
root.right = TreeNode(4)
root.right.left = TreeNode(1)
root.right.left.right = TreeNode(2)
k = 5
print(ob.solve(root, k))

Input

root = TreeNode(3)
root.left = TreeNode(2)
root.right = TreeNode(4)
root.right.left = TreeNode(1)
root.right.left.right = TreeNode(2)
5

Output

2
raja
Published on 02-Dec-2020 05:15:50
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