Program to check whether all leaves are at same level or not in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a binary tree; we have to check whether all leaves are at the same level or not.

So, if the input is like

then the output will be True

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define a function dfs() . This will take root, d

  • if root is not null, then

    • if left of root is null and right of root is null, then

      • insert d at the end of depth

    • otherwise,

      • dfs(left of root, d + 1)

      • dfs(right of root, d + 1)

  • From the main method, do the following −

  • depth := a new list

  • dfs(root, 0)

  • return true when depth has only one value

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

class TreeNode:
   def __init__(self, value):
      self.val = value
      self.left = None
      self.right = None

class Solution:
   def solve(self, root):
      self.depth = []
      self.dfs(root, 0)
      return len(set(self.depth)) == 1
   def dfs(self, root, depth):
      if root:
         if not root.left and not root.right:
            self.depth.append(depth)
         else:
            self.dfs(root.left, depth + 1)
            self.dfs(root.right, depth + 1)
ob = Solution()
root = TreeNode(5)
root.left = TreeNode(4)
root.left.left = TreeNode(2)
root.right = TreeNode(10)
root.right.left = TreeNode(7)
root.right.right = TreeNode(15)
print(ob.solve(root))

Input

root = TreeNode(5)
root.left = TreeNode(4)
root.left.left = TreeNode(2)
root.right = TreeNode(10)
root.right.left = TreeNode(7)
root.right.right = TreeNode(15)

Output

True
raja
Published on 10-Oct-2020 10:27:34
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