PHP – mb_ereg_replac_callback() function

PHPServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In PHP, mb_ereg_replace_callback() function is used to perform a regular expression search and replace it with a multibyte support using a callback. It will scan the strings and match them with a pattern, then it will replace the matched text with the output of the callback function. This function is like the mb_ereg_replace() function. It is supported in PHP 5.4 or higher version.

Syntax

string mb_ereg_replace_callback(str $pattern, callback $callback, str $string, str $options)

Parameters

The function accepts the following four parameters −

  • $pattern − This parameter is used for the regular expression pattern. It may use multibyte characters in a pattern.

  • $callback − This parameter will be called and passed an array of matched elements in the subject string and it should return the replacement string.

  • $string − This parameter is used to check the string.

  • $options − This parameter is used to check the search option.

Note − The callback function often needs for a mb_ereg_replace_callback() in just one place. You can also use an anonymous function to declare the callback within the call mb_ereg_replace_callback(). By using this, we can have all the information for the call in one place and do not mess the function namespace with a callback function's name which is not used anywhere else.

Return Values

mb_ereg_replace_callback() returns success for the resultant string or it returns False on error. It returns NULL if the string is not valid for the current encoding.

Example 1

<?php
   $result = "April Fools day is 04/01/2019\n";
   $result.= "Next match is 12/24/2021\n";

   // callback function
   function next_year($matches)
   {
      return $matches[1].($matches[2]+1);
   }
   echo mb_ereg_replace_callback(
      "(\d{2}/\d{2}/)(\d{4})",
      "next_year",
      $result);
?>

Output

April Fools day is 04/01/2020
Next match is 12/24/2022

Example 2

Using anonymous function

<?php
   // anonymous function is used
   $result = "April Fools day is 04/01/2019\n";
   $result.= "Next match is 12/24/2021\n";

   echo mb_ereg_replace_callback(
      "(\d{2}/\d{2}/)(\d{4})",
      function ($matches) {
         return $matches[1].($matches[2]+1);
      },
      $result);
?>

Output

April fools day is 04/01/2020
Next match is 12/24/2022

Note − In Example 2, anonymous functions are used and a callback function is removed, but the output still remains the same.

raja
Published on 11-Oct-2021 12:56:47
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