What is acid rain? How is acid rain caused? What are the harmful effects of acid rain?


Industries such as oil refineries, rubber processing, automobiles, and chemical industries have been responsible for the emission of air pollutants. These pollutants include Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide which react with water vapors in the atmosphere to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid. These acids combine with rain and make the rainwater acidic. This is called Acid rain.

Following are the harmful effects of acid rain:
  • Acid rain is very harmful to fish and other animals. It makes the water acidic and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams.
  • Increased acidity of water due to acid rain adversely affects the growth and reproduction ability of fishes.
  • It also damages buildings, monuments, and statues.

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022

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