What are the differences between coal and petroleum?

The differences between Coal and Petroleum are as follows:-

1. Coal is a power resource, fossil fuel and fund resource. 1. Petroleum is a power resource, fossil fuel and fund re­source.

2. Coal used directly in industries and indirectly for pro­duction of thermal power.

2. Petroleum is also used directly for industries and indirectly for electricity generation.
3. Different by-products of coal are used in various in­dustries. 3. Various by-products of crude oil are used in industries as ­raw materials.
4. As a power resource, the use of coal is decreasing. 4. Use of crude oil is increasing.
5. Per unit heat and electricity generation from coal is less.

5. Per unit heat and electricity generation is much higher than coal.

6. As coal hard and bulky, the transport cost is high.

6. Petroleum is less bulky and liquid—thus transportation is easier.

7. Cost of coal is less. 7. Cost of Petroleum is high.
8. Extraction cost of coal is higher. 8. Extraction cost of Petroleum is less.

9. Probability of accident, during the extraction of coal, is more. 9. Except fire hazard, less dangerous.
10. Coal emits smoke, ash and gas; pollutes the environment. 10. Petroleum emits less smoke and impurities.
11. For domestic lighting and room heating, coal is less used now. 11. For home lighting, use of kerosene is more.
12. Use of coal in railway and ship engines are decreas­ing. 12. Use of petroleum and diesel in rail, road and aviation is increasing.
13. Around coal mines host of industries developed. In­dustrial regions develop. 13. Around petroleum fields mostly petro-chem industries develop.
14. Nowadays, coal is less important in international trade. 14. Petroleum is highly important in international trade.


Simply Easy Learning

Updated on: 10-Oct-2022


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