Overview of Data Mining Technology

Data mining technology is a powerful tool used to extract valuable insights and patterns from large datasets. In this article, we will discuss Data mining and techniques, process, applications etc.

Data mining uses statistical and computational techniques. It is used in various fields to gain insights into complex data sets. That would otherwise be impossible to analyze manually.

Knowledge Discovery From Data

Process of Knowledge Discovery From Data consists of following steps −

Data Cleaning

It is the first step. This step involves removing noise or irrelevant data from the dataset.

Data Integration

In this step, multiple data sources are combined to form a single dataset. This helps to improve the quality of the dataset and make it more comprehensive.

Data Selection

In this step, relevant data for the analysis task is retrieved from the database. It reduces the size of the dataset and focuses on the important data.

Data Transformation

In this step, data is transformed into a format that is suitable for data mining. It performs summary or aggregation functions on the data.

Data Mining

Data mining is a crucial step in the process of Knowledge Discovery From Data. In this step, intelligent methods are applied to the dataset to extract patterns and trends.

Pattern Evaluation

After the data mining process is completed, the extracted patterns are evaluated to determine their usefulness. This is done based on some interesting measures.

Knowledge Presentation

The final step in the process of Knowledge Discovery From Data is to present the mined knowledge to the user. This is done using knowledge representation and visualization techniques.

Different types of Data Mining Techniques are used to predict desired output, including classification, clustering, regression, and association rule mining. These techniques extract useful information from the data and improve decision-making.

There are two important techniques: Association and Classification.

  • Association analysis used to find relationships between attribute-value conditions that frequently occur together in a given set of data.

  • Classification is the process of finding a set of models or functions that describe and differentiate data classes or concepts. It is used to predict the class of objects whose class label is unknown.

There are different types of classification techniques used in data mining −

  • Decision trees are used to build classification models by representing them in a flow-chart-like tree structure.

  • Support Vector Machine (SVM) is a supervised learning strategy used for classification and regression.

  • Generalized Linear Models (GLM) is a statistical technique used for linear modeling. Bayesian Classification is a statistical classifier that predicts class membership probabilities.

  • Backpropagation is a learning algorithm used to modify weights and minimize errors between the network's prediction and the actual class.

  • K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) is an example-based classifier that compares new documents with the training documents to classify them.

  • Rule-based classification uses a set of rules to classify the data.

Advantages Data Mining

Increased efficiency

Data mining can help organizations make more informed decisions faster.

Improved decision-making

Data mining can provide valuable insights that can inform decision-making processes.

New insights and knowledge discovery

Data mining can uncover previously unknown relationships and patterns within large datasets

Disadvantages Data Mining

Privacy concerns

Data mining can involve the collection and use of sensitive information, raising privacy concerns.

Bias and discrimination

Data mining can perpetuate existing biases and discrimination.

Data quality issues

Data mining is only as good as the quality of the data used.

Applications of Data Mining Technology

Data Mining technology has various applications as follows below &mminus;


Data Mining technology can be used in market basket analysis. It can find the patterns and associations in customer purchasing behavior. It can also be used for customer segmentation, fraud detection, and customer churn prediction.


Data Mining technology can be used for disease diagnosis and predicting disease outcomes. It can also be used for drug discovery. It can identify risk factors for specific diseases.


Data Mining technology can be used for credit scoring, fraud detection, and investment portfolio analysis.


Data Mining technology can be used for predicting student performance and identifying factors. That affect academic achievement. It can also be used for student retention analysis and course recommendation systems.


Data Mining technology can be used for fraud detection, tax compliance analysis, and identifying patterns in crime data.


Data Mining technology can be used for player performance analysis, team composition optimization, and injury prediction.

Overall, Data Mining technology can be applied in any field that involves analyzing large amounts of data to discover patterns, associations, and insights that can be used for decision-making and improving outcomes.


Data Mining technology is a tool that can extract valuable insights and patterns from large datasets. The process of knowledge discovery from data has the following steps: data cleaning, integration, selection, transformation, mining, pattern evaluation, and knowledge presentation. Different data mining techniques such as classification, clustering, regression, and association rule mining are used to predict desired outputs. Data mining technology has various applications such as business, healthcare, finance, education, government, and sports. Increased efficiency, improved decision-making, and new insights and knowledge discovery are advantages of data mining. Disadvantages are privacy concerns, bias and discrimination, and data quality issues.

Updated on: 18-May-2023


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