OpenCV - Drawing Polylines


You can draw Polylines on an image using the method polylines() of the imgproc class. Following is the syntax of this method.

polylines(img, pts, isClosed, color, thickness)

This method accepts the following parameters −

  • mat − A Mat object representing the image on which the Polylines are to be drawn.

  • pts − A List object holding the objects of the type MatOfPoint.

  • isClosed − A parameter of the type boolean specifying weather the polylines are closed.

  • scalar − A Scalar object representing the color of the Polylines. (BGR)

  • thickness − An integer representing the thickness of the Polylines; by default, the value of thickness is 1.

The constructor of the MatOfPoint class accepts objects of the class Point.

MatOfPoint(Point... a)


The following program demonstrates how to draw polylines on an image and display it using JavaFX window.

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.embed.swing.SwingFXUtils;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.image.WritableImage;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfByte;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfPoint;
import org.opencv.core.Point;
import org.opencv.core.Scalar;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;

public class DrawingPolyLines extends Application {
   Mat matrix = null;

   public void start(Stage stage) throws Exception {
      // Capturing the snapshot from the camera
      DrawingPolyLines obj = new DrawingPolyLines();
      WritableImage writableImage = obj.LoadImage();

      // Setting the image view
      ImageView imageView = new ImageView(writableImage);

      // setting the fit height and width of the image view

      // Setting the preserve ratio of the image view

      // Creating a Group object
      Group root = new Group(imageView);

      // Creating a scene object
      Scene scene = new Scene(root, 600, 400);

      // Setting title to the Stage
      stage.setTitle("Drawing Polylines on the image");

      // Adding scene to the stage

      // Displaying the contents of the stage;
   public WritableImage LoadImage() throws Exception {
      // Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );

      // Reading the Image from the file and storing it in to a Matrix object
      String file ="E:/OpenCV/chap8/input.jpg";
      Mat matrix = Imgcodecs.imread(file);

      List<MatOfPoint> list = new ArrayList();
         new MatOfPoint (
            new Point(75, 100), new Point(350, 100),
            new Point(75, 150), new Point(350, 150),
            new Point(75, 200), new Point(350, 200),
            new Point(75, 250), new Point(350, 250)
      // Drawing polylines
      Imgproc.polylines (
         matrix,                    // Matrix obj of the image
         list,                      // java.util.List<MatOfPoint> pts
         false,                     // isClosed
         new Scalar(0, 0, 255),     // Scalar object for color
         2                          // Thickness of the line
      // Encoding the image
      MatOfByte matOfByte = new MatOfByte();
      Imgcodecs.imencode(".jpg", matrix, matOfByte);

      // Storing the encoded Mat in a byte array
      byte[] byteArray = matOfByte.toArray();

      // Displaying the image
      InputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(byteArray);
      BufferedImage bufImage =;

      this.matrix = matrix;

      // Creating the Writable Image
      WritableImage writableImage = SwingFXUtils.toFXImage(bufImage, null);
      return writableImage;
   public static void main(String args[]) {

On executing the above program, you will get the following output −

Drawing Polylines