OpenCV - Affine Translation


You can perform affine translation on an image using the warpAffine() method of the imgproc class. Following is the syntax of this method −

Imgproc.warpAffine(src, dst, tranformMatrix, size);

This method accepts the following parameters −

  • src − A Mat object representing the source (input image) for this operation.

  • dst − A Mat object representing the destination (output image) for this operation.

  • tranformMatrix − A Mat object representing the transformation matrix.

  • size − A variable of the type integer representing the size of the output image.


The following program demonstrates how to apply affine operation on a given image.

import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfPoint2f;
import org.opencv.core.Point;
import org.opencv.core.Size;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;

public class AffineTranslation {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      // Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );

      // Reading the Image from the file and storing it in to a Matrix object
      String file ="E:/OpenCV/chap24/transform_input.jpg";
      Mat src = Imgcodecs.imread(file);

      //Creating an empty matrix to store the result
      Mat dst = new Mat();

      Point p1 = new Point( 0,0 );
      Point p2 = new Point( src.cols() - 1, 0 );
      Point p3 = new Point( 0, src.rows() - 1 );
      Point p4 = new Point( src.cols()*0.0, src.rows()*0.33 );
      Point p5 = new Point( src.cols()*0.85, src.rows()*0.25 );
      Point p6 = new Point( src.cols()*0.15, src.rows()*0.7 );
      MatOfPoint2f ma1 = new MatOfPoint2f(p1,p2,p3);
      MatOfPoint2f ma2 = new MatOfPoint2f(p4,p5,p6);

      // Creating the transformation matrix
      Mat tranformMatrix = Imgproc.getAffineTransform(ma1,ma2);

      // Creating object of the class Size
      Size size = new Size(src.cols(), src.cols());

      // Applying Wrap Affine
      Imgproc.warpAffine(src, dst, tranformMatrix, size);

      // Writing the image
      Imgcodecs.imwrite("E:/OpenCV/chap24/Affinetranslate.jpg", dst);

      System.out.println("Image Processed");

Assume that following is the input image transform_input.jpg specified in the above program.

Transform Input


On executing it, you will get the following output −

Image Processed

If you open the specified path, you can observe the output image as follows −

Affine Translation