OpenCV - Drawing an Ellipse


You can draw an ellipse on an image using the method rectangle() of the imgproc class. Following is the syntax of this method −

ellipse(img, box, color, thickness)

This method accepts the following parameters −

  • mat − A Mat object representing the image on which the Rectangle is to be drawn.

  • box − A RotatedRect object (The ellipse is drawn inscribed in this rectangle.)

  • scalar − A Scalar object representing the color of the Rectangle. (BGR)

  • thickness − An integer representing the thickness of the Rectangle; by default, the value of thickness is 1.

The constructor of the RotatedRect class accepts an object of the class Point, an object of the class Size, and a variable of the type double, as shown below.

RotatedRect(Point c, Size s, double a)


The following program demonstrates how to draw an ellipse on an image and display it using JavaFX window.

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.embed.swing.SwingFXUtils;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.image.WritableImage;
import javafx.stage.Stage;

import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.core.MatOfByte;
import org.opencv.core.Point;
import org.opencv.core.RotatedRect;
import org.opencv.core.Scalar;
import org.opencv.core.Size;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;

public class DrawingEllipse extends Application {
   Mat matrix = null;

   public void start(Stage stage) throws Exception {
      // Capturing the snapshot from the camera
      DrawingEllipse obj = new DrawingEllipse();
      WritableImage writableImage = obj.LoadImage();

      // Setting the image view
      ImageView imageView = new ImageView(writableImage);

      // setting the fit height and width of the image view

      // Setting the preserve ratio of the image view

      // Creating a Group object
      Group root = new Group(imageView);

      // Creating a scene object
      Scene scene = new Scene(root, 600, 400);

      // Setting title to the Stage
      stage.setTitle("Drawing Ellipse on the image");

      // Adding scene to the stage

      // Displaying the contents of the stage;
   public WritableImage LoadImage() throws Exception {
      // Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );

      // Reading the Image from the file and storing it in to a Matrix object
      String file ="E:/OpenCV/chap8/input.jpg";
      Mat matrix = Imgcodecs.imread(file);

      // Drawing an Ellipse
      Imgproc.ellipse (
         matrix,                          //Matrix obj of the image
         new RotatedRect (                // RotatedRect(Point c, Size s, double a)
            new Point(200, 150),
            new Size(260, 180), 180 
         new Scalar(0, 0, 255),           //Scalar object for color
         10                               //Thickness of the line
      // Encoding the image
      MatOfByte matOfByte = new MatOfByte();
      Imgcodecs.imencode(".jpg", matrix, matOfByte);

      // Storing the encoded Mat in a byte array
      byte[] byteArray = matOfByte.toArray();

      // Displaying the image
      InputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(byteArray);
      BufferedImage bufImage =;

      this.matrix = matrix;
      // Creating the Writable Image
      WritableImage writableImage = SwingFXUtils.toFXImage(bufImage, null);

      return writableImage;
   public static void main(String args[]) {

On executing the above program, you will get the following output −

Drawing Ellipse